Christian Doctrine, 'S2-Z' SERMON ON THE MOUNT-..
AUTHOR: Unknown
PUBLISHED ON: May 5, 2003
PUBLISHED IN: Bible Studies

<p>SERMON ON THE MOUNT… The complete Sermon on the Mount covers all of chapters 5, 6, and  7 of the book of Matthew. It will be quoted in its entirety at the end of this commentary. It is not the way of salvation for the sinner, nor the rule of life for the Christian. When the Lord Jesus preached it, He had not yet established His  Church. The Sermon on the Mount is Law, and the Christian is not under Law but under grace. If the Sermon on the Mount then be neither the way of life for the sinner nor the rule of life  for the believer, but is Law, then it becomes evident that  it is the code of laws for the Kingdom of heaven, which Kingdom, though for  the time being rejected, will one day be set up on this earth. Its capital will be Jerusalem, and the Law shall go forth from Zion. In that day "The Lord will be king over the whole earth. On that day there will be one Lord, and his name the  only  name".  (Zechariah 14:9; see also Psalm 2:6; Jeremiah 23:5). ZEC  14:9  The LORD will be king over the whole earth. On  that day there will be one LORD, and his name the only name. PSA 2:6  "I have installed my King on Zion, my holy hill." JER  23:5   "The days are coming," s the LORD, "when  I  will raise up to David a righteous Branch, a King who will reign wisely and do what is just and right in the land. In  the  Sermon on the Mount there is this King,  Jehovah-Jesus  (or Lord-Jesus), formally  offering the Kingdom to Israel, in  His  own person.  The offer is made in Galilee, for it had already  been offered by John the Baptist in Judea and rejected. The King, in  this great  discourse,  plainly  sets forth the nature  of  the  proposed Kingdom, and the laws by which He will govern the earth when He  re-establishes and occupies the throne of David upon His return to this earth. However, there is value in the Sermon on the Mount to the Church, for it is part of Scripture, and all Scripture is valuable (2  Timothy 3:16-17). 2TI 3:16  All Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for  teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness, 2TI  3:17   so that the man of God may be  thoroughly  equipped  for every good work. Believers, who are members of His Church, are destined to reign over the  Kingdom, and therefore should be deeply interested in the laws of the Kingdom. In addition, many eternal principles are expressed in  the sermon which are always operative; it is true even now that the  poor  in  spirit are "blessed" that those who  mourn, in  the fellowship  of  His sufferings, shall be comforted; and it is  true that the merciful shall obtain mercy, and that the pure in heart do see God. While Luke gives a sermon somewhat similar, it is not the same, and the Sermon on the Mount appears only in Matthew, where it is fitting that the laws of the Kingdom should be recorded in the Gospel of the Kingdom. The following is the entire "Sermon on the Mount" as recorded in the Gospel of Matthew Chapters 5, 6, and 7.             ====================================================================                                      THE BEATITUDES<br />                                      –             MAT  5:1  Now when he saw the crowds, he went up on  a  mountainside<br />             and sat down. His disciples came to him,             MAT 5:2  and he began to teach them, saying:             MAT 5:3  "Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the  kingdom<br />             of heaven.             MAT 5:4  Blessed are those who mourn, for they will be comforted.             MAT 5:5  Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth.             MAT 5:6  Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for  righteousness,<br />             for they will be filled.             MAT 5:7  Blessed are the merciful, for they will be shown mercy.             MAT 5:8  Blessed are the pure in heart, for they will see God.             MAT  5:9  Blessed are the peacemakers, for they will be called  sons<br />             of God.             MAT 5:10  Blessed are those who are persecuted because of righteous-<br />             ness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.             MAT 5:11  "Blessed are you when people insult you, persecute you and<br />             falsely say all kinds of evil against you because of me.             MAT  5:12   Rejoice  and be glad, because great is  your  reward  in<br />             heaven,  for in the same way they persecuted the prophets  who  were<br />             before you.                                        SALT AND LIGHT<br />                                        – –             MAT 5:13  "You are the salt of the earth. But if the salt loses  its<br />             saltiness, how can it be made salty again? It is no longer good  for<br />             anything, except to be thrown out and trampled by men.             MAT  5:14  "You are the light of the world. A city on a hill  cannot<br />             be hidden.             MAT  5:15  Neither do people light a lamp and put it under  a  bowl.<br />             Instead they put it on its stand, and it gives light to everyone  in<br />             the house.             MAT  5:16   In the same way, let your light shine before  men,  that<br />             they may see your good deeds and praise your Father in heaven.                                  THE FULFILLMENT OF THE LAW<br />                                  – – – –             MAT  5:17  "Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or  the<br />             Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them.             MAT  5:18  I tell you the truth, until heaven and  earth  disappear,<br />             not the smallest letter, not the least stroke of a pen, will by  any<br />             means disappear from the Law until everything is accomplished.             MAT  5:19  Anyone who breaks one of the least of these  commandments<br />             and teaches others to do the same will be called least in the  king-<br />             dom of heaven, but whoever practices and teaches these commands will<br />             be called great in the kingdom of heaven.             MAT  5:20  For I tell you that unless your  righteousness  surpasses<br />             that of the Pharisees and the teachers of the law, you will certain-<br />             ly not enter the kingdom of heaven.                                            MURDER<br />                                                        MAT  5:21  "You have heard that it was said to the people long  ago,<br />             #39;Do not murder, and anyone who murders will be subject to judgment.#39;             MAT  5:22  But I tell you that anyone who is angry with his  brother<br />             will be subject to judgment. Again, anyone who says to his  brother,<br />             #39;Raca,#39;  is answerable to the Sanhedrin. But anyone who  says,  #39;You<br />             fool!#39; will be in danger of the fire of hell.             MAT 5:23  "Therefore, if you are offering your gift at the altar and<br />             there remember that your brother has something against you,             MAT 5:24  leave your gift there in front of the altar. First go  and<br />             be reconciled to your brother; then come and offer your gift.             MAT 5:25  "Settle matters quickly with your adversary who is  taking<br />             you  to court. Do it while you are still with him on the way, or  he<br />             may  hand you over to the judge, and the judge may hand you over  to<br />             the officer, and you may be thrown into prison.             MAT 5:26  I tell you the truth, you will not get out until you  have<br />             paid the last penny.                                           ADULTERY<br />                                                       MAT  5:27   "You  have  heard  that it  was  said,  #39;Do  not  commit<br />             adultery.#39;             MAT 5:28  But I tell you that anyone who looks at a woman  lustfully<br />             has already committed adultery with her in his heart.             MAT  5:29   If your right eye causes you to sin, gouge  it  out  and<br />             throw  it away. It is better for you to lose one part of  your  body<br />             than for your whole body to be thrown into hell.             MAT  5:30  And if your right hand causes you to sin, cut it off  and<br />             throw  it away. It is better for you to lose one part of  your  body<br />             than for your whole body to go into hell.<br />                                           DIVORCE<br />                                           –             MAT 5:31  "It has been said, #39;Anyone who divorces his wife must give<br />             her a certificate of divorce.#39;             MAT  5:32  But I tell you that anyone who divorces his wife,  except<br />             for marital unfaithfulness, causes her to become an adulteress,  and<br />             anyone who marries the divorced woman commits adultery.                                            OATHS<br />                                            –             MAT 5:33  "Again, you have heard that it was said to the people long<br />             ago,  #39;Do not break your oath, but keep the oaths you have  made  to<br />             the Lord.#39;             MAT 5:34  But I tell you, Do not swear at all: either by heaven, for<br />             it is God#39;s throne;             MAT 5:35  or by the earth, for it is his footstool; or by Jerusalem,<br />             for it is the city of the Great King.             MAT  5:36  And do not swear by your head, for you cannot  make  even<br />             one hair white or black.             MAT  5:37   Simply  let your #39;Yes#39; be #39;Yes,#39; and  your  #39;No,#39;  #39;No#39&;<br />             anything beyond this comes from the evil one.                                      AN EYE FOR AN EYE<br />                                      – – –             MAT 5:38  "You have heard that it was said, #39;Eye for eye, and  tooth<br />             for tooth.#39;             MAT  5:39  But I tell you, Do not resist an evil person. If  someone<br />             strikes you on the right cheek, turn to him the other also.             MAT  5:40  And if someone wants to sue you and take your tunic,  let<br />             him have your cloak as well.             MAT  5:41   If someone forces you to go one mile, go  with  him  two<br />             miles.             MAT  5:42  Give to the one who asks you, and do not turn  away  from<br />             the one who wants to borrow from you.                                       LOVE FOR ENEMIES<br />                                       – –             MAT 5:43  "You have heard that it was said, #39;Love your neighbor  and<br />             hate your enemy.#39;             MAT  5:44  But I tell you: Love your enemies and pray for those  who<br />             persecute you,             MAT  5:45  that you may be sons of your Father in heaven. He  causes<br />             his  sun  to rise on the evil and the good, and sends  rain  on  the<br />             righteous and the unrighteous.             MAT 5:46  If you love those who love you, what reward will you  get?<br />             Are not even the tax collectors doing that?             MAT  5:47  And if you greet only your brothers, what are  you  doing<br />             more than others? Do not even pagans do that?             MAT 5:48  Be perfect, therefore, as your heavenly Father is perfect.                                     GIVING TO THE NEEDY<br />                                     – –             MAT  6:1  "Be careful not to do your #39;acts of righteousness#39;  before<br />             men,  to  be seen by them. If you do, you will have no  reward  from<br />             your Father in heaven.             MAT  6:2   "So when you give to the needy, do not announce  it  with<br />             trumpets, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and on the streets,<br />             to be honored by men. I tell you the truth, they have received their<br />             reward in full.             MAT  6:3  But when you give to the needy, do not let your left  hand<br />             know what your right hand is doing,             MAT 6:4  so that your giving may be in secret. Then your Father, who<br />             sees what is done in secret, will reward you.                                            PRAYER<br />                                                        MAT 6:5  "And when you pray, do not be like the hypocrites, for they<br />             love to pray standing in the synagogues and on the street corners to<br />             be  seen  by  men. I tell you the truth, they  have  received  their<br />             reward in full.             MAT  6:6  But when you pray, go into your room, close the  door  and<br />             pray to your Father, who is unseen. Then your Father, who sees  what<br />             is done in secret, will reward you.             MAT 6:7  And when you pray, do not keep on babbling like pagans, for<br />             they think they will be heard because of their many words.             MAT  6:8  Do not be like them, for your Father knows what  you  need<br />             before you ask him.             MAT 6:9  "This, then, is how you should pray: "#39;Our Father in  heav-<br />             en, hallowed be your name,             MAT 6:10  your kingdom come, your will be done on earth as it is  in<br />             heaven.             MAT 6:11  Give us today our daily bread.             MAT 6:12 Forgive us our debts, as we also have forgiven our debtors.             MAT  6:13  And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from  the<br />             evil one.#39;             MAT  6:14   For if you forgive men when they sin against  you,  your<br />             heavenly Father will also forgive you.             MAT 6:15  But if you do not forgive men their sins, your Father will<br />             not forgive your sins.                                           FASTING<br />                                           –             MAT  6:16  "When you fast, do not look somber as the hypocrites  do,<br />             for they disfigure their faces to show men they are fasting. I  tell<br />             you the truth, they have received their reward in full.             MAT  6:17   But when you fast, put oil on your head  and  wash  your<br />             face,             MAT  6:18  so that it will not be obvious to men that you are  fast-<br />             ing,  but only to your Father, who is unseen; and your  Father,  who<br />             sees what is done in secret, will reward you.                                     TREASURES IN HEAVEN<br />                                     –             MAT 6:19  "Do not store up for yourselves treasures on earth,  where<br />             moth and rust destroy, and where thieves break in and steal.             MAT  6:20   But store up for yourselves treasures in  heaven,  where<br />             moth and rust do not destroy, and where thieves do not break in  and<br />             steal.             MAT 6:21  For where your treasure is, there your heart will be also.             MAT  6:22  "The eye is the lamp of the body. If your eyes are  good,<br />             your whole body will be full of light.             MAT 6:23  But if your eyes are bad, your whole body will be full  of<br />             darkness.  If  then the light within you is darkness, how  great  is<br />             that darkness!             MAT 6:24  "No one can serve two masters. Either he will hate the one<br />             and love the other, or he will be devoted to the one and despise the<br />             other. You cannot serve both God and Money.                                         DO NOT WORRY<br />                                         – –             MAT 6:25  "Therefore I tell you, do not worry about your life,  what<br />             you  will eat or drink; or about your body, what you will  wear.  Is<br />             not life more important than food, and the body more important  than<br />             clothes?             MAT  6:26  Look at the birds of the air; they do not sow or reap  or<br />             store  away in barns, and yet your heavenly Father feeds  them.  Are<br />             you not much more valuable than they?             MAT 6:27  Who of you by worrying can add a single hour to his life?             MAT 6:28  "And why do you worry about clothes? See how the lilies of<br />             the field grow. They do not labor or spin.             MAT  6:29  Yet I tell you that not even Solomon in all his  splendor<br />             was dressed like one of these.             MAT  6:30  If that is how God clothes the grass of the field,  which<br />             is here today and tomorrow is thrown into the fire, will he not much<br />             more clothe you, O you of little faith?             MAT  6:31   So do not worry, saying, #39;What shall we eat?#39;  or  #39;What<br />             shall we drink?#39; or #39;What shall we wear?#39;             MAT 6:32  For the pagans run after all these things, and your  heav-<br />             enly Father knows that you need them.             MAT 6:33  But seek first his kingdom and his righteousness, and  all<br />             these things will be given to you as well.             MAT  6:34  Therefore do not worry about tomorrow, for tomorrow  will<br />             worry about itself. Each day has enough trouble of its own.                                        JUDGING OTHERS<br />                                        –             MAT 7:1  "Do not judge, or you too will be judged.             MAT  7:2  For in the same way you judge others, you will be  judged,<br />             and with the measure you use, it will be measured to you.             MAT 7:3  "Why do you look at the speck of sawdust in your  brother#39;s<br />             eye and pay no attention to the plank in your own eye?             MAT 7:4  How can you say to your brother, #39;Let me take the speck out<br />             of your eye,#39; when all the time there is a plank in your own eye?             MAT  7:5  You hypocrite, first take the plank out of your  own  eye,<br />             and  then you will see clearly to remove the speck from your  broth-<br />             er#39;s eye.             MAT 7:6  "Do not give dogs what is sacred; do not throw your  pearls<br />             to pigs. If you do, they may trample them under their feet, and then<br />             turn and tear you to pieces.                                     ASK, SEEK, KNOCK<br />                                     –    –             MAT  7:7  "Ask and it will be given to you; seek and you will  find;<br />             knock and the door will be opened to you.             MAT 7:8  For everyone who asks receives; he who seeks finds; and  to<br />             him who knocks, the door will be opened.             MAT  7:9  "Which of you, if his son asks for bread, will give him  a<br />             stone?             MAT 7:10  Or if he asks for a fish, will give him a snake?             MAT  7:11  If you, then, though you are evil, know how to give  good<br />             gifts  to  your children, how much more will your Father  in  heaven<br />             give good gifts to those who ask him!             MAT 7:12  So in everything, do to others what you would have them do<br />             to you, for this sums up the Law and the Prophets.                                  THE NARROW AND WIDE GATES<br />                                  – – –             MAT  7:13  "Enter through the narrow gate. For wide is the gate  and<br />             broad is the road that leads to destruction, and many enter  through<br />             it.             MAT  7:14  But small is the gate and narrow the road that  leads  to<br />             life, and only a few find it.                                     A TREE AND ITS FRUIT<br />                                     – – – –             MAT 7:15  "Watch out for false prophets. They come to you in sheep#39;s<br />             clothing, but inwardly they are ferocious wolves.             MAT  7:16   By their fruit you will recognize them. Do  people  pick<br />             grapes from thornbushes, or figs from thistles?             MAT 7:17  Likewise every good tree bears good fruit, but a bad  tree<br />             bears bad fruit.             MAT  7:18  A good tree cannot bear bad fruit, and a bad tree  cannot<br />             bear good fruit.             MAT  7:19  Every tree that does not bear good fruit is cut down  and<br />             thrown into the fire.             MAT 7:20  Thus, by their fruit you will recognize them.             MAT 7:21  "Not everyone who says to me, #39;Lord, Lord,#39; will enter the<br />             kingdom of heaven, but only he who does the will of my Father who is<br />             in heaven.             MAT  7:22  Many will say to me on that day, #39;Lord, Lord, did we  not<br />             prophesy in your name, and in your name drive out demons and perform<br />             many miracles?#39;             MAT  7:23   Then I will tell them plainly, #39;I never knew  you.  Away<br />             from me, you evildoers!#39;                                THE WISE AND FOOLISH BUILDERS<br />                                – – –             MAT 7:24  "Therefore everyone who hears these words of mine and puts<br />             them  into  practice is like a wise man who built his house  on  the<br />             rock.             MAT  7:25  The rain came down, the streams rose, and the winds  blew<br />             and beat against that house; yet it did not fall, because it had its<br />             foundation on the rock.             MAT  7:26  But everyone who hears these words of mine and  does  not<br />             put them into practice is like a foolish man who built his house  on<br />             sand.             MAT  7:27  The rain came down, the streams rose, and the winds  blew<br />             and beat against that house, and it fell with a great crash."             MAT  7:28  When Jesus had finished saying these things,  the  crowds<br />             were amazed at his teaching,             MAT  7:29   because he taught as one who had authority, and  not  as<br />             their teachers of the law.             ====================================================================             THE SEVEN SPIRITS OF GOD…             There  is,  of course, but one Holy Spirit. Seven, however,  is  the<br />             number of spiritual or mystical completeness, and the figure, there-<br />             fore,  implies  the fullness of the Holy Spirit, that  is,  the  one<br />             Spirit  in  the sevenfold plenitude of His power.  This  is  clearly<br />             indicated in Isaiah 11:1-2, where we read of the Branch of the Lord,<br />             that is, the Messiah, upon whom shall rest…                    1.&gt;   The spirit of the Lord<br />                    2.&gt;   The spirit of wisdom<br />                    3.&gt;   The spirit of understanding<br />                    4.&gt;   The spirit of counsel<br />                    5.&gt;   The spirit of might<br />                    6.&gt;   The spirit of knowledge<br />                    7.&gt;   The spirit of the fear of the Lord.             ISA 11:1  A shoot will come up        ISA 11:1  And there shall come<br />             from the stump of Jesse;  from        forth a rod out of the stem of<br />             his  roots a Branch will  bear        Jesse, and a Branch shall grow<br />             fruit.                                out of his roots: (KJV)             ISA  11:2  The Spirit  of  the        ISA  11:2  And the  spirit  of<br />             LORD  will  rest  on  himthe        the LORD shall rest upon  him,<br />             Spirit of wisdom and of under-        the   spirit  of  wisdom   and<br />             standing, the Spirit of  coun-        understanding,  the spirit  of<br />             sel  and of power, the  Spirit        counsel and might, the  spirit<br />             of  knowledge and of the  fear        of  knowledge and of the  fear<br />             of the LORD                         of the LORD; (KJV)             SIN…             Sin  has  many  manifestations, and may be said to be  any  and  all<br />             falling  short  of the glory of God, whether in  thought,  word,  or<br />             deed.  Among  the translations in the New Testament from  the  Greek<br />             word meaning "sin" are the following…             1.&gt;    Transgression                    A violation of the Law (Luke 15:29; Galatians 3:19).             LUK 15:29  But he answered his        LUK  15:29  And  he  answering<br />             father, #39;Look! All these years        said to his father, Lo,  these<br />             I#39;ve been slaving for you  and        many  years do I  serve  thee,<br />             never  disobeyed your  orders.        neither transgressed I at  any<br />             Yet  you never gave me even  a        time thy commandment: and  yet<br />             young  goat so I  could  cele-        thou  never gavest me  a  kid,<br />             brate with my friends.                that  I might make merry  with<br />                                                   my friends: (KJV)             GAL  3:19   What,  then, was the purpose of the law?  It  was  added<br />             because  of  transgressions  until  the Seed  to  whom  the  promise<br />             referred  had come. The law was put into effect through angels by  a<br />             mediator.             2.&gt;    Iniquity                    An evil or wicked act (Acts 8:22-23).             ACT 8:22  Repent of this wickedness and pray to the Lord. Perhaps he<br />             will forgive you for having such a thought in your heart.             ACT  8:23  For I see that  you        ACT 8:23  For I perceive  that<br />             are  full  of  bitterness  and        thou  art in the gall of  bit-<br />             captive to sin."                      terness,  and in the  bond  of<br />                                                   iniquity. (KJV)             3.&gt;    Disobedience                    Neglect or refusal to obey (Hebrews 2:2).             HEB 2:2  For if the message spoken by angels was binding, and  every<br />             violation and disobedience received its just punishment,             4.&gt;    Trespass                    An encroachment upon God#39;s authority (Ephesians 2:1).             EPH 2:1  As for you, you  were        EPH  2:1   And  you  hath   he<br />             dead  in  your  transgressions        quickened,  who were  dead  in<br />             and sins,                             trespasses and sins; (KJV)             5.&gt;    Lawlessness                    The complete denial of any rule in life (1 Timothy 1:9).             1TI 1:9  We also know that law        1TI  1:9  Knowing  this,  that<br />             is made not for the  righteous        the  law  is not  made  for  a<br />             but  for lawbreakers and  reb-        righteous  man,  but  for  the<br />             els,  the ungodly and  sinful,        lawless  and disobedient,  for<br />             the  unholy  and  irreligious;        the  ungodly and for  sinners,<br />             for   those  who  kill   their        for  unholy and  profane,  for<br />             fathers  or mothers, for  mur-        murderers   of   fathers   and<br />             derers,                               murderers   of  mothers,   for<br />                                                   manslayers, (KJV)             6.&gt;    Unbelief                    A denial and insult to the truth of God#39;s Word<br />                                       (Hebrews 3:12; John 16:8-9).             HEB 3:12  See to it, brothers,        HEB 3:12  Take heed, brethren,<br />             that none of you has a sinful,        lest there be in any of you an<br />             unbelieving  heart that  turns        evil  heart  of  unbelief,  in<br />             away from the living God.             departing from the living God.<br />                                                                            (KJV)             JOH  16:8   When  he comes, he will convict the world  of  guilt  in<br />             regard to sin and righteousness and judgment:             JOH 16:9  in regard to sin, because men do not believe in me;             Sin "in the world" began with the Fall of Adam, instigated by  Satan<br />             (Romans 5:12; Genesis 3:1-5).             ROM 5:12  Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one  man,<br />             and  death through sin, and in this way death came to all  men,  be-<br />             cause all sinned             GEN 3:1 Now the serpent was more crafty than any of the wild animals<br />             the  LORD God had made. He said to the woman, "Did God  really  say,<br />             #39;You must not eat from any tree in the garden#39;?"             GEN  3:2  The woman said to the serpent, "We may eat fruit from  the<br />             trees in the garden,             GEN 3:3  but God did say, #39;You must not eat fruit from the tree that<br />             is  in the middle of the garden, and you must not touch it,  or  you<br />             will die.#39;"             GEN 3:4  "You will not surely die," the serpent said to the woman.             GEN  3:5  "For God knows that when you eat of it your eyes  will  be<br />             opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil."             Death,  physical  and spiritual, entered the world through  sin  and<br />             passed  upon  all  men (Romans 5:12), in that all  men  are  sinners<br />             (Romans  3:23).  The only cure is belief on the  Lord  Jesus  Christ<br />             (Acts 16:30-31).             ROM 5:12  Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one  man,<br />             and  death through sin, and in this way death came to all  men,  be-<br />             cause all sinned             ROM 3:23 for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God,             ACT 16:30  He then brought them out and asked, "Sirs, what must I do<br />             to be saved?"             ACT 16:31  They replied, "Believe in the Lord Jesus, and you will be<br />             savedyou and your household."             Three classifications of sin may be enumerated…             1.&gt;    The Sin Nature                    Disobedience and enmity to God (Jeremiah 17:9; Romans 5:19).             JER  17:9  The heart is deceitful above all things and beyond  cure.<br />             Who can understand it?             ROM  5:19  For just as through the disobedience of the one  man  the<br />             many were made sinners, so also through the obedience of the one man<br />             the many will be made righteous.             2.&gt;    The Sin State                    Complete</p>

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