Keys to Revelation – Chapter 10
AUTHOR: Capoccia, Tony
PUBLISHED ON: May 12, 2003
PUBLISHED IN: Bible Studies
TAGS: angels | Michael

                        Keys to Revelation – Chapter 10

Taken from the HOLY BIBLE: NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION (C) 1978 by the New
York International Bible Society, used by permission of Zondervan Bible

          BIBLE TEXT                                  COMMENTARY

REV 10:1  Then I saw another              [another mighty angel] – This angel
mighty angel coming down from            is not one of the seven or the four,
heaven. He was robed in a cloud,          but like the other strong angel in
with a rainbow above his head; his        REV 5:2 and 18:21 or the other angel
face was like the sun, and his legs      in 14:6,15.  The angel could be the
were like fiery pillars.                  Archangel Michael, “the great prince”
                                          in DAN 12:1, or more likely the angel
                                          Gabriel as seen in a parallel passage
                                          DAN 12:7 and DAN 8:16.  Angel cannot
                                          be the Christ, for angels are always
                                          angels in Revelation, as well as in
                                          the rest of the NT.

                                          [cloud…rainbow…sun] – A cloud
                                          surrounded his body and the glow from
                                          a face like the sun could cause a
                                          rainbow to appear in the moistness of
                                          the clouds.

REV 10:2  He was holding a little        [scroll…lay open] – Not like the
scroll, which lay open in his hand.      great scroll of chapter 5 which was
He planted his right foot on the          fastened with seven seals, this one
sea and his left foot on the land,        lies open in the hand of the angel.

                                          [on the sea…land] – The angel has
                                          one foot on the sea and the other on
                                          the land which most likely speaks of
                                          a coming judgment that will be on the
                                          entire earth, both land and sea. REV
                                          10:6 includes reference to land, sea,
                                          and heaven in relation to the time
                                          having come for judgment.

REV 10:3  and he gave a loud shout        [shout like…lion] – Angel had a
like the roar of a lion. When he          voice with a deep resonance which
shouted, the voices of the seven          would demand the attention of those
thunders spoke.                          who heard.

                                          [seven thunders] – Actual voices that
                                          sounded like thunder. In JOH 12:28-29
                                          God the Father spoke as with thunder.

REV 10:4  And when the seven              [about to write] – Just started to
thunders spoke, I was about to            write what the seven thunders spoke.
write; but I heard a voice from          John was commanded in REV 1:11 to 
heaven say, “Seal up what the seven      “write on a scroll what you see” and
thunders have said and do not write      most likely was keeping some sort of
it down.”                                record of everything that had taken
                                          place thus far and was simply logging
                                          what the voices said.

                                          [do not write] – The seven thunders
                                          gave descriptions of more plagues for
                                          man and his earth, but God has not
                                          allowed us to know what kind of wrath
                                          is stored up in these plagues.

REV 10:5  Then the angel I had seen      [raised his right hand] – In the OT
standing on the sea and on the land      the lifting of the hand was a part of
raised his right hand to heaven.          oath-taking and here he raises his
                                          hand to heaven as part of a very
                                          solemn oath.                 

REV 10:6  And he swore by him who        [he swore] – When one makes an oath
lives for ever and ever, who              it is always necessary to swear by
created the heavens and all that is      someone greater than themselves, and
in them, the earth and all that is        this is further proof that the angel
in it, and the sea and all that is        is not Jesus because Christ would not
in it, and said, “There will be no        need to swear by anyone greater than
more delay!                              Himself.

                                          [no more delay] – All throughout the
                                          history of man, God has delayed His
                                          complete judgment on sin.  But the
                                          time has come for God to “stop the
                                          ticking of the clock” for the earth,
                                          the sea, and man himself will now 
                                          receive God’s last phase of wrath–
                                          the seventh trumpet.

REV 10:7  But in the days when the        [mystery of God] – God’s divine pur-
seventh angel is about to sound his      pose in history for mankind.  Jesus
trumpet, the mystery of God will be      is the “Mystery of God” in COL 2:2,
accomplished, just as he announced        and Israel’s final destiny is the
to his servants the prophets.”            “mystery” in ROM 11:25.  When the
                                          seventh trumpet is sounded then God
                                          unfolds the last part of the mystery.

REV 10:8  Then the voice that I had
heard from heaven spoke to me once
more: “Go, take the scroll that
lies open in the hand of the angel
who is standing on the sea and on
the land.” 

REV 10:9  So I went to the angel          [Take it and eat] – Similar to the
and asked him to give me the little      scroll given to Ezekiel in EZE 2:8-
scroll. He said to me, “Take it and      3:3.  It was a scroll of judgment
eat it. It will turn your stomach        but tasted as sweet as honey.
sour, but in your mouth it will be       
as sweet as honey.”                     


REV 10:10  I took the little scroll      [tasted sweet…stomach sour] – Here
from the angel’s hand and ate it.        the scroll is sweet because it is the
It tasted as sweet as honey in my        Word of God (PSA 119:103), but is
mouth, but when I had eaten it, my        also bitter because of the judgment 
stomach turned sour.                      and woes it contains.               

REV 10:11  Then I was told, “You          [prophesy] – In EZE 2:8-3:3 we see
must prophesy again about many            that after Ezekiel ate the scroll
peoples, nations, languages and          with written words of lament and 
kings.”                                  mourning and woe, he was to speak to
                                          the people of Israel who were very
                                          obstinate and hardened in their
                                          hearts. In this verse John speaks
                                          to everyone about the coming wrath,
                                          which would also include the offer of
                                          salvation from a loving and forgiving

Tony Capoccia
Box 130
Shreveport, LA 71110
Modem (318) 949-1456
300/1200/2400/9600 Baud

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