Keys to Revelation – chapter 2
AUTHOR: Capoccia, Tony
PUBLISHED ON: May 12, 2003
PUBLISHED IN: Bible Studies

                        Keys to Revelation – Chapter 2

Taken from the HOLY BIBLE: NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION (C) 1978 by the New
York International Bible Society, used by permission of Zondervan Bible

          BIBLE TEXT                                  COMMENTARY

REV 2:1  “To the angel of the            [angel] – messenger, pastor
church in Ephesus write: These are       
the words of him who holds the            [holds] – to have power over     
seven stars in his right hand and       
walks among the seven golden              [stars] – the pastors of the     
lampstands:                              seven churches (REV 1:20)       

                                          [walks among] – patrolling His   
                                          churches, intimately knowing     
                                          each one                         

REV 2:2  I know your deeds, your          [deeds..hard work] – wearisome toil
hard work and your perseverance. I     
know that you cannot tolerate            [wicked men] – not the pagans, but
wicked men, that you have tested          those who claimed to be Christians
those who claim to be apostles but        but were not
are not, and have found them false.     

REV 2:3  You have persevered and          implies strenuous and exhausting
have endured hardships for my name,      labor
and have not grown weary. 

REV 2:4  Yet I hold this against          [Yet] – The church was “doing” a lot
you: You have forsaken your first        for Christ, but was lacking the
love.                                    element of Love.

REV 2:5  Remember the height from        [Remember] – recall the height of
which you have fallen! Repent and        of the Love that used to exist
do the things you did at first. If       
you do not repent, I will come to        [Repent] – to change one’s thinking,
you and remove your lampstand from        to think differently               
its place.                               
                                          [at first] – the way you used to be
                                          when first in love with Christ     

                                          [remove..lampstand] – take away the
                                          light (ministry, effect, impact)   

REV 2:6  But you have this in your        [practices of Nicolaitans] – word
favor: You hate the practices of          nikao means “to conquer” and laos
the Nicolaitans, which I also hate.      “the people.”  Suspect they were a
                                          Sect that imposed a clerical hier- 
                                          archy on the laity.  Much like the
                                          Roman Catholic Church and her Pope. 

REV 2:7  He who has an ear, let him      [has an ear] – everyone has ears but
hear what the Spirit says to the          not everyone listens.  Jesus is say-
churches. To him who overcomes, I        ing take to heart what I am saying.
will give the right to eat from the     
tree of life, which is in the            [overcomes] – (1JN 5:5) Those who 
paradise of God.                          by Faith, and Repentance come to   
                                          Christ in humble submission.       

                                          [tree of life] – First given in GEN
                                          2:9 is restored to man in his new 
                                          Paradise, the Eternal Home..REV 22:2

REV 2:8  “To the angel of the            [angel] – messenger, pastor
church in Smyrna write: These are       
the words of him who is the First
and the Last, who died and came to
life again. 

REV 2:9  I know your afflictions          [afflictions] – imprisonment and
and your poverty–yet you are rich!      death for the cause of Christ
I know the slander of those who say     
they are Jews and are not, but are        [poverty] – lack of wealth and jobs 
a synagogue of Satan.                    because of their Christianity       

                                          [synagogue of Satan] – No longer   
                                          God’s place of worship since they   
                                          rejected Jesus and the cross. Judaism
                                          has become a false religion.       

REV 2:10  Do not be afraid of what        [devil..put] – much like Job’s
you are about to suffer. I tell          suffering, which tested his love for
you, the devil will put some of you      God. 
in prison to test you, and you will     
suffer persecution for ten days. Be      [ten days] – either a literal 10 day
faithful, even to the point of            period or a set time of suffering of
death, and I will give you the            limited duration.                 
crown of life.                           
                                          [Be faithful] – Don’t recant by   
                                          denying Christ, proving a lack of 
                                          true conversion.  Hold firm because
                                          Christ is on your side.           

REV 2:11  He who has an ear, let          [has an ear, overcomes] – REV 2:7
him hear what the Spirit says to                                   
the churches. He who overcomes will      [second death] – The first death is
not be hurt at all by the second          our physical death, but then the
death.                                    Christian never dies again, however
                                          the unbeliever goes to his second
                                          death of eternal punishment in the
                                          Lake of Fire (DAN 12:2, JOH 5:29,
                                          REV 20:14)

REV 2:12  “To the angel of the            [angel] – messenger, pastor
church in Pergamum write: These are
the words of him who has the sharp,      [sword] – The Word of God from the
double-edged sword.                      mouth of God Himself–Jesus Christ.

REV 2:13  I know where you live–        [his throne] – Satan is not omni-
where Satan has his throne. Yet you      present and moves about the earth,
remain true to my name. You did not      but there are places where his   
renounce your faith in me, even in        influence and power is more evident.
the days of Antipas, my faithful         
witness, who was put to death in          [Antipas] – A martyr of the early
your city–where Satan lives.            Church.                         

REV 2:14  Nevertheless, I have a          [Nevertheless] – God wants us to
few things against you: You have          strive for perfection, even though
people there who hold to the              we will fall short, but He never
teaching of Balaam, who taught            will accept a compromise in His
Balak to entice the Israelites to        Church or His people.
sin by eating food sacrificed to         
idols and by committing sexual            [hold to teaching] – Some there 
immorality.                              were into false doctrines that in-
                                          cluded worship of idols and sexual
                                          sins. (see NUM 31:15-16).       

REV 2:15  Likewise you also have          [Nicolaitans] – see REV 2:6
those who hold to the teaching of
the Nicolaitans. 

REV 2:16  Repent therefore!              [will..come..fight] – Jesus will
Otherwise, I will soon come to you        fight against His own churches if
and will fight against them with          they will not repent of their false
the sword of my mouth.                    doctrine.  Even if 99 doctrines are
                                          “right on” but one is false and the
                                          church or christian is unwilling to
                                          change then Christ will oppose them.

REV 2:17  He who has an ear, let          [has an ear, overcomes] – REV 2:7
him hear what the Spirit says to         
the churches. To him who overcomes,      [hidden manna] – In EXO 16:32 
I will give some of the hidden            God had some manna hidden in the 
manna. I will also give him a white      Ark as a testimony of God’s grace 
stone with a new name written on          and faithfulness, likewise God   
it, known only to him who receives        promises the new manna which is   
it.                                      Christ in His fullness (JOH 6:31-

                                          [white stone] – Used in Bible times
                                          as a token which provided many priv-
                                          ileges.  Normally received stone as
                                          a reward for service or victory.

                                          [new name..known only] – On this 
                                          stone, which most likely will be a
                                          precious stone (large diamond) a
                                          very private name will be inscribed
                                          that will be special between Jesus
                                          and each of His loved believers.

REV 2:18  “To the angel of the            [angel] – messenger, pastor
church in Thyatira write: These are
the words of the Son of God, whose        [blazing..eyes] – Eyes of judgment
eyes are like blazing fire and            and discernment, burning indignation
whose feet are like burnished           
bronze.                                  [burnished bronze] – Same as REV 1:15
                                          feet were glowing like in a furnace
                                          which are feet of judgment.       

REV 2:19  I know your deeds, your        [know] – Christ knows our inner self
love and faith, your service and          even more than we do (1SA 16:7). 
perseverance, and that you are now        [more than] – This church is really
doing more than you did at first.        growing and active.

REV 2:20  Nevertheless, I have this      [Nevertheless] – See REV 2:16
against you: You tolerate that           
woman Jezebel, who calls herself a        [Jezebel] – Probably not her real 
prophetess. By her teaching she          name but rather a woman like Jezebel
misleads my servants into sexual          who is teaching false doctrine and 
immorality and the eating of food        leading Christians into serious sin.
sacrificed to idols.                   

REV 2:21  I have given her time to        [given her time] – The grace of God
repent of her immorality, but she        with sinners, even wicked ones try-
is unwilling.                            ing to destroy God’s people, He is
                                          willing that they repent, but she

REV 2:22  So I will cast her on a        [cast on a bed] – Not unusual for
bed of suffering, and I will make        God to judge or discipline a person
those who commit adultery with her        in the same area as their sin.  She
suffer intensely, unless they            was involved in sexual sins in bed
repent of her ways.                      so she will suffer pain in bed.

REV 2:23  I will strike her              [children] – could be her own child-
children dead. Then all the              ren, but most likely those she
churches will know that I am he who      brought up in her false teachings.
searches hearts and minds, and I         
will repay each of you according to      [repay..deeds] – Those who have done
your deeds.                              deeds of wickedness get the payment
                                          of Eternal Hell, whereas those who 
                                          have done deeds of righteousness   
                                          will receive Eternal Life.         

REV 2:24  Now I say to the rest of
you in Thyatira, to you who do not
hold to her teaching and have not        [deep secrets] – The demonic teach-
learned Satan’s so-called deep            ings of Satan that promise power and
secrets (I will not impose any            life but only bring utter chaos and
other burden on you):                    punishment.

REV 2:25  Only hold on to what you        [hold on] – Be steadfast and endure
have until I come.                        all your life until either you die
                                          or Jesus returns.  This is one of
                                          the key evidences of salvation, that
                                          a person continues in Christ to the
                                          end of their lives.

REV 2:26  To him who overcomes and        [overcomes] – REV 2:7
does my will to the end, I will         
give authority over the nations–        [will to the end] – If you endure to
                                          the end you will be saved and be   
                                          rewarded.  The endurance is also a 
                                          gift, “God who gives endurance”   
                                          (ROM 15:5).                       

                                          [authority over nations] – During
                                          the Millennium (1,000 year rule of
                                          Christ, we will rule and reign with
                                          Him (REV 20:6).

REV 2:27  ‘He will rule them with        Quote from Psalm 2:9 about the
an iron scepter; he will dash them        Righteous and Rigorous Rule of
to pieces like pottery’– just as I      Jesus Christ during the Millennium.
have received authority from my Father. 

REV 2:28  I will also give him the        [morning star] – In REV 22:16 Jesus
morning star.                            declares that He is the “Bright
                                          Morning Star,” and for all that 
                                          overcome they will receive the
                                          precious gift of Christ.

REV 2:29  He who has an ear, let          [hear] – Again Jesus reminds those
him hear what the Spirit says to          who have ears to hear to listen
the churches.                            carefully to His words and instruc-

Tony Capoccia
Box 130
Shreveport, LA 71110
Modem (318) 949-1456
300/1200/2400/9600 Baud

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