Keys to Revelation – Chapter 4
AUTHOR: Capoccia, Tony
PUBLISHED ON: May 12, 2003
PUBLISHED IN: Bible Studies

                        Keys to Revelation – Chapter 4

Taken from the HOLY BIBLE: NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION (C) 1978 by the New
York International Bible Society, used by permission of Zondervan Bible

          BIBLE TEXT                                  COMMENTARY

REV 4:1  After this I looked, and        [After this] – Reference to previous
there before me was a door standing      seven letters to the churches, which
open in heaven. And the voice I had      represented the Church Age that comes
first heard speaking to me like a        to a end Chronologically as we enter
trumpet said, “Come up here, and I        into the events of Chapter 4 and be-
will show you what must take place        yond.
after this.”                             
                                          [door to heaven] – John literally
                                          could look into the Third Heaven
                                          from the earth and see the Throne
                                          Room of God.

                                          [voice] – It is Jesus speaking

                                          [come up] – Jesus tells, rather
                                          commands that John “come up” to
                                          Heaven.  This event ends the Church
                                          Age and starts the Judgments and
                                          could be a type of the Rapture, where
                                          Jesus calls His Church to “Come Up

REV 4:2  At once I was in the            [in the Spirit] – Transported from
Spirit, and there before me was a        earth (most likely not with his body)
throne in heaven with someone            through the first heaven (atmosphere)
sitting on it.                            then past the second heaven (outer 
                                          space) and into the third heaven
                                          (location of God, Angels, and the

                                          [someone sitting] – Appears to be the
                                          Father, since Jesus the Lamb, takes a
                                          scroll from the right hand of Him who
                                          sat on the throne in REV 5:7. 

REV 4:3  And the one who sat there        [jasper] – in ancient times this
had the appearance of jasper and          stone would have been a translucent
carnelian. A rainbow, resembling an      rock crystal like a diamond.  This
emerald, encircled the throne.            brilliant diamond represents the
                                          purity, majesty, and holiness of God.

                                          [carnelian] – A beautiful, ruby red
                                          stone signifying the righteous
                                          judgment and wrath of God.

                                          [emerald] – Brilliant green color
                                          representing the mercy of God.

REV 4:4  Surrounding the throne          [24 Elders] – Representatives from
were twenty-four other thrones, and      the Church, wearing crowns of victory
seated on them were twenty-four          and their white linen robes.
elders. They were dressed in white
and had crowns of gold on their

REV 4:5  From the throne came            [seven spirits] – Term for the Holy
flashes of lightning, rumblings and      Spirit (ISA 11:2-3).
peals of thunder. Before the
throne, seven lamps were blazing.
These are the seven spirits of God. 

REV 4:6  Also before the throne          [sea of glass] – Same glass that was
there was what looked like a sea of      seen by Moses in Exodus 24:10, “..and
glass, clear as crystal. In the          saw the God of Israel. Under His feet
center, around the throne, were          was something like a pavement made of
four living creatures, and they          sapphire, clear as the sky itself.”
were covered with eyes, in front          This sea simply adds to the Glory
and in back.                              and Majesty of God.

                                          [creatures] – Jesus only created two
                                          kinds of intelligent and spiritual
                                          creatures–Men and Angels. These four
                                          living creatures are angels.

                                          [eyes] – Seems strange to us, but we
                                          are very limited in our knowledge and
                                          understanding of heavenly things. The
                                          eyes would make them all-seeing and
                                          vigilant, not to mention enhancing
                                          their ability to accomplish their
                                          main purpose, to give God the glory
                                          He deserves as they look upon His
                                          Wisdom and Power.

REV 4:7  The first living creature        Four creatures represent God’s
was like a lion, the second was          attributes in His creation:
like an ox, the third had a face          [lion] – Majesty, Omnipotence
like a man, the fourth was like a        [ox] –  Strength, Patience
flying eagle.                            [man] – Intelligence, Rational Power
                                          [eagle] – Sovereignty, Supremacy

REV 4:8  Each of the four living          [six wings] – Matches description of
creatures had six wings and was          the Seraphims in ISA 6:2, “Above Him
covered with eyes all around, even        were seraphs, each with six wings:
under his wings. Day and night they      With two they covered their faces,
never stop saying: “Holy, holy,          with two they covered their feet, and
holy is the Lord God Almighty, who        with two they were flying.”
was, and is, and is to come.”            They were Unique Angels created to
                                          give Glory to God forever.

REV 4:9  Whenever the living
creatures give glory, honor and
thanks to him who sits on the
throne and who lives for ever and

REV 4:10  the twenty-four elders          Representing the Church in Heaven
fall down before him who sits on          rightly acknowledging that God
the throne, and worship him who          deserves their worship and honor.
lives for ever and ever. They lay
their crowns before the throne and        [lay their crowns] – Acknowledging
say:                                      that Jesus earned them their crowns
                                          by His death on the Cross.

REV 4:11  “You are worthy, our Lord
and God, to receive glory and honor
and power, for you created all
things, and by your will they were
created and have their being.” 

Tony Capoccia
Box 130
Shreveport, LA 71110
Modem (318) 949-1456
300/1200/2400/9600 Baud

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