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Written by: Hillebrand, Randall    Posted on: 05/03/2005

Category: Theology

Source: www.hillebrandministries.com


  I.  Description of the Church
      A.  Definition of the word, "ekklesia"
      B.  Universal and local churches defined
          1.  Universal church
          2.  Local church
      C.  Biblical terminology for the church
          1.  Body
          2.  Household/house
          3.  Temple
          4.  Dwelling
          5.  Bride
          6.  Field
          7.  Priesthood
          8.  Flock
      D.  The difference between Israel and the church
          1.  Their births
              a.  Israel
              b.  Church
          2.  Their characteristics
              a.  Israel
              b.  Church
          3.  Their futures
              a.  Israel
              b.  Church

II.  Leadership in the church
      A.  Elder, deacon and deaconess
          1.  Their roles
              a.  The elder
              b.  The deacon
              c.  The deaconess
          2.  Their spiritual qualifications
              a.  Qualifications of an elder
              b.  Qualifications of a deacon
              c.  Qualifications of a deaconess
          3.  Their function
              a.  Function of an elder
              b.  Function of a deacon
              c.  Function of a deaconess

      B.  Evangelist and pastor
          1.  The evangelist
          2.  The pastor

III.  Purpose of the Church
      A.  Glorification
      B.  Evangelism
      C.  Edification discipleship
      D.  Fellowship
      E.  Worship

IV.  Function of the Church
      A.  Ministering the Word of God
      B.  Ordinances
          1.  Baptism
              a.  Spiritual baptism
                  1.  Significance
                  2.  Recipients
                  3.  Mode
                  4.  Spiritual baptism from the Book of Acts
              b.  Water baptism
                  1.  Significance
                  2.  Recipients (Believers, not infants)
                  3.  Mode
          2.  Lord's Supper
              a.  Significance
              b.  Recipients
              c.  Mode
      C.  Giving
          1.  Principle of giving
          2.  Frequency of giving
          3.  Attitudes of giving:
          4.  Ultimate issue of giving
      D.  Serving/gifts
          1.  Examples of our Savior
          2.  Attitudes of service in the body
          3.  Spiritual gifts and the body of Christ
      E.  Church discipline
          1.  Purpose of discipline:
          2.  Process for believers to deal with discipline
          3.  Ways for the church to deal with discipline
      F.  Relationships in the church ("One another" statements)
          1.  Colossians 3:12-17
          2.  Responsibilities to "one another" in the body of Christ
          3.  Things we are to do to strengthen the church (total of 7)
          4.  Things we are not to do in order to strengthen the church (total of 6)

V.  Goals of the Church
    A.  Manifesting faith
        1.  The definition of faith -- Heb 11:1-3
        2.  The kind of faith that pleases God -- Heb 11:6; 10:37-39
        3.  The kind of faith that is our foundation for living -- 2 Cor. 5:7; Jude 20 
    B.  Manifesting hope
        1.  The definition of hope -- 1 Cor. 9:10-11; Eph. 2:11-12
        2.  The reason we can have hope -- 1 Peter 1:3
        3.  The focus of our hope -- 1 Tim. 1:1; Col. 1:3-5
    C.  Manifesting love
        1.  The definition of love
        2.  The consequences of not having love
        3.  The strength of love
        4.  The necessity of love
    D.  Manifesting unity
        1.  The definition of unity
        2.  The importance of unity in the body
        3.  The necessity of unity

VI.  Organization/administration of the church
    A.  Necessity for organization -- Exodus 18:13-27
    B.  Necessity of administration -- Acts 6:1-6

VII.  Being an effective Church
      A.  Being a culturally-relevant church
      B.  Being a church that manifests the truths from this study

VIII.  Congregations' responsibility to their leaders



The study of systematic theology helps believers to systematize what the Bible teaches on a specific subject.  In your time at Kiev Christian University you will study the following areas of systematic theology:

* Theology Proper (The study of God)
* Anthropology (The study of man)
* Bibliology (The study of the Bible)
* Pneumatology (The study of the Holy Spirit)
* Christology (The study of Christ)
* Soteriology (The study of salvation)
* Ecclesiology (The study of the church)
* Eschatology (The study of end time events)

When you can see what the Bible teaches on these subjects within their proper context and dispensation, you will be able to better understand the Bible and these areas of theology.

Also, you will be able to better understand how to live your life in a more Christlike manner.  I say this because every person has a theology (theo = God; -ology = study of).  Even an atheist has a theology.  It is just that their theology and our theology is different.  Theology from an atheistic point of view is that God does not exist.  Therefore, the spiritual realm does not exist; we are nothing more than the result of evolution and biological processes; we have no soul; there is no heaven or hell; there will be no future judgment.  This is the theology of the average atheist.  This theology directs them in life.

What about you?  What is your theology?  How does what you believe about the Bible (correct of incorrect) direct your life?  Your decisions?  Your future?  This is why theology is crucial to our lives, because we all have a theology by which we live.  So as we study together this semester, we need to ask God to make these biblical truths real in our personal lives; and as we rely on them on a day-to-day, moment-by-moment basis, we will have victory over our flesh and the devil.  So when we are confronted with the happenings of everyday life that seem to contradict the truths we understand about God, we can call upon the truths of His inerrant and infallible Word for stability and direction.

  I.  Description of the Church

      A.  Definition of the word, "ekklesia"

          From the Greek words:

              ek -- out
              kaleo -- to call

          So the church is made up of those people that are called out by God.
          The first place this word is used is in Matthew 16:18 where Jesus

            "And I also say to you that you are Peter, and upon this rock I
            will build My church; and the gates of Hades shall not overpower

      B.  Universal and local churches defined

          1.  Universal church
              a.  Is constructed by Christ -- Matt. 16:18
              b.  Is lead by Christ -- Eph. 5:23b; Col. 1:18
              c.  Was purchased by Christ (all believer in the church age) --
                  Eph. 5:23c, 25b
              d.  Is made up of all true believers -- 1 Cor. 12:13
              e.  Is located wherever there are believers -- Acts 9:31


        The universal church is composed of all believers in Christ from the
        church age -- past, present and future -- which Christ died for and is
        the head of (cf. 1 Cor. 12:13; Eph. 5:23c,25b).  The universal body
        has been and continues to be built by Christ who leads and directs it
        (cf. Mat. 16:18; 1 Cor. 12:12,27; Eph. 5:23-24).

      ILL:  So this would be believers in Ukraine, Russia, America, Africa,
            Israel, Indonesia, etc. -- all the believers of the world -- past,
            present and future.

          2.  Local church
              a.  Is an established body of believers with a specified,
                  biblical purpose -- Acts 13:1
              b.  Is located in a specific place
                  1)  A specific geographical location
                      a)  Church of God which is at Corinth -- 1 Cor. 1:2
                      b)  Church of the Laodiceans -- Col. 4:16
                      c)  Church of the Thessalonians -- 2 Thes. 1:1

                  2)  A specific place of gathering in a geographical place --
                      Rom. 16:5


              The local church is a group of individual believers that gather
              together to carry out the work of Christ.  While the universal
              church is directed by Jesus Christ, the local bodies are to be
              directed by elders who are to be led by Jesus (cf. 1 Pet. 5:2-4).

          ILL:  So these would be the individual churches in a city such as 
                Kiev, in a village, a region, a country or a continent.

      C.  Biblical terminology for the church
          1.  Body
              a.  We are fellow heirs of one body -- Eph. 3:6
              b.  Christ is the head of His body -- Eph. 5:23
          2.  Household/house
              a.  We are saints in God's household -- Eph. 2:19
              b.  We are Christ's house -- Heb. 3:6
              c.  We are living stones being built into a spiritual house --
                  1 Pet. 2:5
          3.  Temple
              a.  The body of Christ is growing into a holy temple -- Eph. 2:21
              b.  The Corinthians were called a temple of God -- 1 Cor. 3:16
          4.  Dwelling
              a.  The body is being built together into a dwelling of God --
                  Eph. 2:22
          5.  Bride
              a.  We are the bride of Christ -- Rev. 19:7
              b.  We will be married to Christ as His virgin bride -- Eph. 5:24-
          6.  Field
              a.  We are God's field -- 1 Cor. 3:9 (cf. Heb. 6.7-8)
          7.  Priesthood
              a.  We are a holy, royal priesthood -- 1 Pet. 2:5-9
          8.  Flock
              a.  The body is as a flock of sheep -- Acts 20:28-29
              b.  The body is the flock of God that are to be shepherded --
                  1 Pet. 5:2-3

      D.  The difference between Israel and the church
          1.  Their births
              a.  Israel
                  1.  Its conception (Abraham) -- Gen. 12:1-3
                  2.  Its development:
                      Isaac -- Gen. 21:12; 26:1-5
                      Jacob -- Gen. 32:24-32; 35:9-15
                      Joseph -- Gen. 45:16-20; 46:1-27; 47:5-6
                      In Egypt -- Exo. 1
                  3.  Its birth -- Exo. 12:31-51; 19-20
              b.  Church
                  1.  Its conception (Jesus) -- Matt. 16:18-19
                  2.  Its development:
                      Jesus to Jerusalem -- Luke 9:51 
                      Jesus final rejection by the Jews -- Luke 19:41-44
                      Jesus on the cross -- Matt. 26:17-28:20
                  3.  Its birth -- Acts 2

          2.  Their characteristics
              a.  Israel
                  1.  They were a nation of people -- 2 Sam. 7:23
                  2.  They received the Old Covenant -- Exodus 19:1-23:19;
                      Leviticus; Deut. 5-26
                  3.  They had a priesthood -- Lev. 21-22
                  4.  They had a temple -- 1 Kings 6; Haggai
                  5.  They had a sacrificial system -- Heb. 10:11
                  6.  They were to offer dead sacrifices -- Lev. 1, 3, 4, 5,
                  7.  They had a fallible high priest as a mediator -- Heb. 9:6-
                  8.  They had brief encounters with the Holy Spirit -- Jud.
                      16:20; Psa. 51:11

              b.  Church
                  1.  We are a nation of people from those who were not a
                      nation -- Rom. 10:19
                  2.  We received the New Covenant -- 2 Cor. 3:5-6
                  3.  We are a priesthood -- 1 Pet. 2:9
                  4.  We are God's temple -- 1 Cor. 3:16
                  5.  We have the final sacrifice -- Heb. 10:12
                  6.  We are to offer ourselves as living sacrifices -- Rom.
                  7.  We have an infallible High Priest for a mediator -- Heb.
                  8.  We have an indwelling Holy Spirit -- 1 Cor. 3:16

          3.  Their futures
              a.  Israel
                  1.  Israel will receive restoration -- Rom. 11:25-27
                  2.  Israel will receive the New Covenant -- Jer. 31:27-34
                  3.  Israel will receive the promised kingdom -- Isa. 11;
                  4.  Israel will enter the new earth for eternity -- Rev. 21-22
              b.  Church
                  1.  The church will be raptured by Christ -- 1 Thes. 4:13-18
                  2.  The church will be married to Christ -- Rev. 19:7-16
                  3.  The church will be reigning with Christ -- Rev. 5:6-10
                  4.  The church will enter the new earth for eternity -- Rev.

II.  Leadership in the church

      A.  Elder, deacon and deaconess
          1.  Their roles
              a.  The elder -- Acts 20:17,28
                  The elder has three different titles that describe his
                  function.  They are:
                  1)  Elder -- vs. 17
                      Refers to his spiritual maturity -- he is not to be a new
                      convert, but grounded firm in his faith and walk.  He is
                      to exemplify the characteristics of 1 Timothy 3:1-7 and
                      Titus 1:5-9.
                  2)  Overseer -- vs. 28
                      Refers to his function -- overseeing the affairs of the

                      NOTE:  The Greek word used in this passage for "overseer"
                            is the same  word used in 1 Timothy 3:1
                            translated "bishop" in the Russian Bible
                            ("episkopos").  A "bishop" in the New Testament is
                            a man or men that oversee or manage a church, not
                            a pastor that oversees many pastors and their

                  3)  Shepherd -- vs. 28 (cf. 1 Pet. 5:2,4)
                      Refers to his work -- that of loving, guiding, directing,
                      correcting and protecting the flock.

                  DEFINITION OF AN ELDER:     
                    Therefore an elder is a man that is spiritually mature,
                    oversees the affairs of the church and shepherds the flock
                    of God.

              b.  The deacon
                  This word comes from the Greek word which means servant.  So
                  the deacon is a servant of the church.

                  NOTE:  A deacon is not a spiritual leader in a church, but a
                        servant who is to meet spiritual qualifications as a
                        representative of the church.

              c.  The deaconess

                  A deaconess is the female version of a deacon -- a servant of
                  the church.

          2.  Their spiritual qualifications
              a.  Qualifications of an elder -- 1 Tim. 3:1-7; Titus 1:5-9 (See
                  Getz, "Sharpening the Focus of the Church")
                  1)  From 1 Timothy 3:1-7
                      "An overseer, then, must be:"
                      a)  Above reproach (A good reputation)
                      b)  Husband of one wife (Moral purity)
                      c)  Temperate (Balanced and moderate)
                      d)  Prudent (Man of wisdom -- self-controlled and
                      e)  Respectable (Adorning or displaying the gospel in
                          one's life -- orderly)
                      f)  Hospitable (Giving a cup of cold water -- generous,
                          caring for others)
                      g)  Able to teach (Teaching others in a humble, gentle
                          manner; teachable)
                      h)  Not addicted to wine (Avoiding overindulgence)
                      i)  Not pugnacious (Not resorting to violence or being
                      j)  Gentle (Being meek and a fair-minded man --
                      k)  Uncontentious (Being a peacemaker -- not being
                      l)  Free from the love of money (Being a generous man --
                          not loving money)
                      m)  He must be one who manages his own household well,
                          keeping his children under control with all dignity
                      n)  Not a new convert (Must be a mature man)
                      o)  He must have a good reputation with those outside the

                  2)  From Titus 1:5-9 (Only those characteristics not covered
                      in 1 Timothy 3:1-7)
                      "Namely, if any man:
                      a)  Having children who believe, not accused of
                          dissipation or rebellion (Having children who are
                          trustworthy, faithful, respectable and obedient --
                      b)  Not self-willed (Not being self-centered)
                      c)  Not quick-tempered (Not letting the sun go down on
                          your anger)
                      d)  Loving what is good (In all aspects of his life --
                          hating what is evil)

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