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Written by: Fincher, Allen    Posted on: 05/06/2003

Category: Bible Studies

Source: CCN

                    ADAM -- REPRESENTATIVE MAN

                    (FIRST ADAM, LAST ADAM)

  Adam was more than a normal man; he was a "representative man."  Adam was a progenitor, the federal head, the prototype, the master copy, the "representative" of the first human race. What he did stood for us all.

  In this study, all scriptures are from the New International Version unless otherwise noted.

Romans 5:12  Therefore, just as sin entered the world through      one man, and death through sin, and in this way      death   came to all men, because all sinned....

Amplified  Therefore as sin came into the world through one man             and death as the result of sin, so death spread to              all men, [no one being able to stop it or to escape             its power] because all men sinned.

A. S. Way  The error of one individual man made the breach             through which sin entered our world; and in the track             of sin came death.  So it was that death passed             through that door to assail all men....

KJV        Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world,             and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men,             for that all have sinned

  Because Adam was not a normal man, but a "representative" man, we see that death ruled as king thru the law of sin and death because of his original sin.

Romans 5:14  Nevertheless, death reigned from the time of Adam to   the time of Moses, even over those who did not sin  by   breaking a command, as did Adam, who was a        pattern of   the one to come.

Amplified  Yet death held sway from Adam to Moses [the                    Lawgiver], even over those who did not themselves              transgress [a positive command] as Adam did.  Adam              was a type (prefigure) of the One Who was to come....

  We see here in verse 14 that as Adam was a representative man, so too Christ is a representative man.  So herein is the basis for the gospel.  Since, if one man (Adam) got us into sin and death, so too, one man (Jesus) can get us out.

Romans 5:15-19:

v 15  But the gift is not like the trespass.  For if the many  died by the trespass of the one man, how much more did God's  grace and the gift that came by the grace of the one man,  Jesus Christ, overflow to the many!

Amplified  But God's free gift is not at all to be compared to             the trespass--His grace is out of all proportion to             the fall of man.  For if many died through one man's             falling away--his lapse, his offense--much more                profusely did God's grace and the free gift [that              comes] through the undeserved favor of the one Man              Jesus Christ, abound and overflow to and for [the              benefit of] many.

v 16  Again, the gift of God is not like the result of the one  man's sin:  The judgment followed one sin and brought  condemnation, but the gift followed many trespasses and  brought justification.

v 17  For if, by the trespass of the one man, death reigned  through that one man, how much more will those who receive  God's abundant provision of grace and of the gift of  righteousness reign in life through the one man, Jesus Christ.

Amplified  For if, because of one man's trespass (lapse,                  offense) death reigned through that one, much more              surely will those who receive [God's] overflowing              grace (unmerited favor) and the free gift of                    righteousness (putting them into right standing with             Himself) reign as kings in life through the One,             Jesus Christ, the Messiah, the Anointed One.

v 18  Consequently, just as the result of one trespass was  condemnation for all men, so also the result of one act of  righteousness was justification that brings life for all men.

Amplified  Well then, as one man's trespass--one man's false              step and falling away--[led] to condemnation for all             men, so one Man's act of righteousness [leads] to              acquittal and right standing with God, and life for             all men.

v 19  For just as through the disobedience of the one man the  many were made sinners, so also through the obedience of the  one man the many will be made righteous.

Amplified  For just as by one man's disobedience (failing to              hear, heedlessness and carelessness) the many were              constituted sinners, so by one Man's obedience the              many will be constituted righteous--made acceptable             to God, brought into right standing with Him.

  We see this representative man idea laid out for us in...

1 Corinthians 15:21, 22:

v 21  For since death came through a man, the resurrection of the dead comes also through a man.

v 22  For as in Adam all die, so in Christ all will be made  alive.

Amplified  For just as [because of union of nature] in Adam all             people die, so also [by virtue of their union of                nature] shall all in Christ be made alive.

  In verse 45 Christ is called the "last Adam" making reference to his role as "Representative Man."

v 45  So it is written:  "The first man Adam became a living  being"; the last Adam, a life-giving spirit.

Amplified  Thus it is written, The first man Adam became a                living being--an individual personality; the last              Adam (Christ) became a life-giving Spirit--restoring             the dead to life.

  Jesus made reference to himself as the last Adam in many terms we fail to recognize.  For example:

John 15:1  "I AM the true vine, and my Father is the gardener."

  (We see the contrast in Jeremiah 2:21:  ...corrupt, wild vine....)

  Also, we see in John 12:24 (a grain of life, planted in death, to bring forth many).

v 24  I tell you the truth, unless a kernel of wheat falls to the ground and dies, it remains only a single seed.  But if it  dies, it produces many seeds.

(Contrast to Matthew 3:10:  ...ax laid to the root of the "corrupt" tree.)

  So we see that the entire plan of redemption revolves around two men.  The basis of the gospel is that through faith in what one man--the God-man Jesus Christ--did, all men could be saved (the second Adam--the second representative man.)

            ADAM                              CHRIST

                    Both Representative Men                           Both Heads

Corrupt, wild vine--Jer 2:21      True vine--John 15:1

Bad tree, bad fruit--Mt 7:17      Good tree, good fruit--Mt 7:17

Law of sin and death--            Law of life in Christ--   Romans 5:12                        Romans 8:2   Romans 8:2                        Romans 5:17

            NATURE                            NATURE

Spiritual death, mortality        Spiritual life, immortality

Curse, sin, sickness              Removal of the curse--   poverty, suffering,                Galatians 3:13, 14   death--Dt 28:14-68                Dt 28:1-13

1.  Spiritual death                1.  Spiritual life 2.  Mortality                      2.  Immortality--2 Tim 1:10 3.  Curse                          3.  Removal of curse

                  Other Parallels Jesus Made

            Jesus                              Paul

From above--John 8:23              1 Corinthians 15:47 Resurrection--John 11:25          1 Corinthians 15:21, 22 Gate-- John 10:7                          Romans 5:1, 2 The way, truth, life              Romans 5:17-19

  Scripture taken from THE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION.  Copyright 1973, 1978, 1984 International Bible Society. Used by permission of Zondervan Bible Publishers.

  Scripture taken from THE AMPLIFIED NEW TESTAMENT, copyright 1958, 1987 by The Lockman Foundation.  Used by permission.

  The copyrights of the other translations have expired.

  If you have any questions or wish to make any comments I can be reached c/o The Christian Resource Services BBS, Chesapeake, VA, 804-543-0830 (300/1200/2400, 8-N-1).

                          Allen Fincher

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