Home
About Us
Search Library
Library Index
Whats New
Links
Training
Statement of Faith
About Us
Admin Login
Believersweb Header

Bible Study Pt.2- The Bible Is Its Own Interpreter


Written by: Unknown    Posted on: 05/06/2003

Category: Bible Studies

Source: CCN

                                                    BIBLSTD2.TXT

                          CHAPTER II

                The Bible Is Its Own Interpreter

  A ÿsecond principle we shall now examine is the truth that the Bible is its own interpreter. This truth is of great consequence, for ÿit ÿunderscores the method by which we are to ÿexamine ÿeach verse of the Holy Scriptures.   When two Bible teachers disagree on a doctrine, frequently one will declare, "Well, he has his opinion, his interpretation, ÿand I have mine. Therefore we don't see this verse in the same way.'   If ÿthis ÿteacher's statement is correct, ÿwe ÿcan ÿdo ÿalmost anything ÿwe wish with the Bible. ÿWe become free to look at ÿthe Bible and make our own personal judgments as to what God means by each ÿverse. ÿUnfortunately, ÿthis is the thinking that underlies the writing of paraphrased Bibles. This also is the thinking that has influenced some of the newer translations of the Bible.   Such ÿa ÿprocedure makes man the ultimate ÿjudge, ÿÿthe ÿfinal authority. ÿIt effectively declares that God has written a number of words and phrases which together we call the Bible, ÿbut which depend ÿupon ÿour responsibility as a teacher to decide what ÿGod really ÿmeans. ÿÿThus the reader has the final say as to what ÿis truth.   This ÿkind of "anything goes' ÿthinking has spawned cults and the false gospels which prevail so greatly in the world today. By interpreting verses according to preconceived ideas, ÿthe teacher tries to show that his gospel is Bible-based.   This condition prevails in many of our churches and ÿcongrega- tions today. ÿOne of the most puzzling phenomena currently facing the ÿÿchurch ÿis ÿthe ÿfact ÿthat ÿthe ÿtheologians ÿof ÿÿvarious denominations ÿremain ÿso far apart in their understanding of ÿso many doctrines supposedly related to or derived from the Bible. A result ÿof this is that Lutherans remain Lutheran from generation to ÿgeneration, ÿBaptists remain Baptists, ÿPresbyterians ÿremain Presbyterian, Methodists remain Methodist, etc. ÿOne of the basic reasons ÿfor ÿthe ÿexistence of different denominations ÿis ÿthat there ÿÿare ÿdifferent ÿconclusions ÿheld ÿby ÿeach ÿdenomination concerning certain doctrines.   For ÿexample, ÿsome denominations hold the pre-millenial ÿview from ÿgeneration ÿto ÿgeneration. ÿÿOn ÿthe ÿother ÿhand, ÿÿother denominations ÿhold ÿthe post-millenial view from ÿgeneration ÿto generation. ÿÿAnd still others hold the a-millenial view ÿthrough the generations.   We must realize that there can be only one true account of the return of Christ, ÿso at least two of the foregoing views must be altogether wrong and unbiblical. The return of Christ and the end of the world simply can not take place in three different ways.   The ÿsame problem exists with many other doctrines. ÿÿFor ÿin- stance, ÿthere are widespread differences amongst many ÿdenomina- tions ÿin relationship to such important teachings as the ÿnature and character of salvation, and the meaning of baptism. One would certainly think that, ÿas diligent students of the Scriptures who earnestly love the Lord continue to search the Bible, ÿthey would come ÿcloser and closer to each other as they all come closer ÿto the ÿfulness of the truth. ÿIf this were the actual condition ÿin each denomination, gradually all the denominations would begin to agree ÿmore ÿand more. ÿYet year follows year, ÿand there ÿis ÿno rapprochement ÿof any kind. ÿThe Baptist still remains a Baptist, the Lutheran a Lutheran, the Presbyterian a Presbyterian, etc.   This phenomenon is a result of the fact that the Bible is ÿnot fully relied upon as the source of absolute truth. ÿThe Bible ÿis often ÿtreated ÿmerely ÿlike one of the various ÿdisciplines ÿand philosophies ÿof ÿthe ÿsecular ÿworld. ÿOne ÿcan ÿunderstand ÿthe proliferation ÿof ÿdifferent schools of thought ÿin ÿthe ÿsecular world, ÿbecause in such disciplines as music, art, ÿor philosophy there ÿis ÿno such thing as absolute truth. ÿEach ÿdiscipline ÿis allowed to exist independently of the others and is accepted just as it stands.   But when we deal with the Bible, ÿwe are dealing with absolute truth. ÿTherefore, anything that is taught, ÿany doctrine that is held, that is not in agreement with truth is false. In short, any doctrine ÿnot in agreement with absolute truth is a lie. ÿIf ÿany teacher ÿor pastor declares to his congregation, ÿ"Thus saith the Lord,' when the Lord has not said that, he is mouthing doctrines that ÿare out of man's mind rather than God's.  ÿÿWe ÿimmediately sense how reprehensible and awful this is.   So, ÿÿif well meaning, ÿlearned, ÿGod-loving ÿtheologians ÿare earnestly, seriously teaching three entirely different answers to the ÿsame ÿquestion, ÿwe are forced to conclude that ÿsomeone ÿis teaching ÿthat ÿwhich is false. ÿSince no child of God ÿwants ÿto preach lies, ÿthis becomes an exceedingly serious matter; ÿand it is a matter that will not go away by itself.   Unfortunately, ÿÿthere is tremendous evidence that these ÿdif- ferences in understanding of Bible doctrine exist today. ÿWhat is the ÿproblem? ÿI ÿbelieve we can both understand the problem ÿand find its solution.   The problem is that theologians and pastors are taught to come to ÿthe ÿBible ÿfrom the perspective of the ÿalready ÿestablished theological position of the church or denomination to which ÿthey belong. ÿThat is, ÿif someone is a Baptist, ÿthen he is taught to come ÿto the Bible with Baptist presuppositions. ÿIf someone is a Lutheran, he comes to the Bible with Lutheran presuppositions. If he ÿis ÿReformed, ÿÿhe comes with a Reformed ÿperspective. ÿÿSuch theological ÿpresuppositions ÿgovern the way ÿthe ÿBible ÿstudent interprets ÿand understands the Bible. ÿSince ÿeach ÿdenomination believes ÿthat its presuppositions correctly reflect Bible truth, the ÿteachers and pastors in that denomination cling ÿtenaciously to ÿthem. ÿSimilarly, ÿthey are convinced that perspectives ÿfrom other ÿdenominations are most likely incorrect and therefore ÿare not ÿto ÿbe considered or followed. ÿThis is so even though ÿthey readily acknowledge that each denomination has a right to ÿexist. Only ÿÿÿbecause ÿÿÿthey ÿÿbelieve ÿÿtheir ÿÿown ÿÿÿdenominations' presuppositions ÿare the most accurate do they remain with ÿthem. The ÿconsequence, ÿÿtherefore, ÿÿis that the ÿBaptist ÿremains ÿa Baptist, the Lutheran remains a Lutheran, etc., etc.   I ÿam afraid that most theologians come to the Bible ÿin ÿmuch the ÿsame way that students come to such social sciences as ÿart, music, ÿand philosophy. For example, ÿthere exist many schools of philosophy. There are the Eleatic school of philosopy, the Ionian school of philosophy, ÿByzantine philosophy, ÿArabic ÿphilosophy, and Western philosophy, just to name a few. Each has its original thinkers, ÿÿand each has its faithful followers. ÿEach ÿhas ÿsome truth ÿin it. ÿOrdinarily, ÿfollowers of one school of philosophy are ÿready ÿto ÿaccept the rightful existence ÿof ÿand ÿpotential contribution of another school. ÿMoreover, ÿno one would be ready to conclude that the philosophy he follows is absolute truth. ÿHe just ÿfollows ÿa ÿparticular ÿschool ÿof ÿphilosophy ÿbecause ÿhe believes that it is more acceptable than any other.   Most theologians approach the Bible in much the same way. They do ÿnot regard the Bible as the lawbook of absolute truth. ÿIt is only a book that is to be viewed from their denominations' school of ÿthinking. ÿThey effectively contend that there exist ÿvarious schools ÿof thought (denominational presuppositions) ÿrelating to how ÿwe ÿare ÿto interpret the Bible. ÿThe school of ÿthought ÿwe follow will heavily influence the conclusions we derive from ÿthe Bible. ÿAnd the feeling is that we are being honest as long as we remain faithful to our particular denominational presuppositions. Likewise, ÿit is believed that theologians of other denominations are being faithful to the Word as long as they remain faithful to their denominations' ÿpresuppositions. In this way, ÿthe study of the ÿBible is looked upon as an activity similar to the study ÿof various social sciences.   But may the Bible be treated like a social science? ÿIsn't ÿit the ÿbook ÿof absolute truth? ÿOnly when a student ÿhas ÿcome ÿto realize ÿit ÿas the absolute truth has he really ÿunderstood ÿthe Bible. ÿÿMoreover, ÿif he has not come to that ÿrealization, ÿÿin essence he is still teaching less than the truth - that is, he is teaching falsehoods.   That ÿthe ÿBible ÿteaches ÿabsolute ÿtruth ÿshould ÿbe ÿeasily recognized by all theologians. ÿIsn't it true that the conclusion that all men are sinners is absolute truth? ÿIsn't this also ÿthe case ÿin ÿregard to such conclusions as: ÿthe ÿcertainty ÿof ÿthe death, ÿÿburial ÿand resurrection of Jesus; ÿthe facts ÿthat ÿGod created the world, that Christ will come to judge the world, that there ÿwill be a New Heaven and New Earth, ÿand that salvation is possible only through the atoning work of Jesus Christ?   All of these teachings are absolute truth. ÿAnd they are taken from the Bible which is the book of absolute truth. Therefore, it is ÿincumbent upon the pastor and the teacher to study the ÿBible until he has found absolute truth in regard to each aspect of the Gospel. Only then can he be sure he is not teaching a lie.   Indeed ÿthe Bible is wholly unrelated to the social ÿsciences, and cannot be studied in the same manner. ÿIt must be ÿapproached very analytically, ÿas we would approach an engineering or a ÿlaw book. ÿÿBut ÿeven ÿthe engineering or law book ÿcannot ÿbegin ÿto approach ÿthe level of truth that the Bible presents. ÿIt has ÿno peer. ÿWe must recognize that it is absolutely true in all of its aspects. We are to carefully, prayerfully, ÿdiligently search out the truth. As we do so, God Himself will lead us into the truth.   Now we can see what the church has done. Inadvertently, by ap- proaching ÿthe ÿBible as any social science is ÿapproached, ÿÿthe church ÿhas ÿplaced ÿitself above the Bible. ÿI ÿÿam ÿaware ÿthat theologians ÿwithin ÿthese ÿchurches would vigorously ÿdeny ÿthis assertion. ÿÿThey ÿwould ÿmaintain that the Bible ÿis ÿaltogether infallible ÿand inerrant and is the only authority on which ÿthey lean and structure doctrine.                                    While ÿthis claim might be made confidently, ÿthe sad fact is that ÿin ÿpractice ÿit is altogether ÿnegated ÿbecause ÿonly ÿtoo frequently ÿÿeach ÿÿtheologian ÿcomes ÿto ÿthe ÿBible ÿwith ÿÿhis denomination's ÿpresuppositions. ÿWith this approach the Bible is no ÿÿlonger ÿÿthe ÿÿultimate ÿÿauthority: ÿÿÿthe ÿÿdenominational presuppositions have become the ultimate authority.   Of ÿcourse the argument will be made that each ÿpresupposition is ÿderived ÿfrom ÿthe ÿBible, ÿand therefore ÿthe ÿBible ÿis ÿin actuality the ultimate authority. The fact is, however, that, ÿin practice, ÿÿÿthe ÿpresupposition ÿis ÿnever ÿquestioned ÿby ÿmost theologians. ÿÿÿIt ÿstands ÿinviolate, ÿÿas ÿbelonging ÿto ÿÿthat denomination, ÿand must never be tampered with. ÿActually, ÿif we are ÿto ÿfind truth, ÿthe presuppositions themselves have ÿto ÿbe examined ÿand critiqued just as vigorously as any other ÿdoctrine that we claim to have received from the Bible.   The solution to this problem, I believe, is that we must go to the ÿBible with no prejudices or presuppositions whatsoever. ÿÿWe must let the Bible alone guide us into truth. ÿWe must ÿrecognize that we as humans have feet of clay. ÿWe have sin-tainted ÿminds. Our ÿminds ÿare exceedingly finite as compared with the ÿinfinite mind of God. Truly we must hold the position: "...let God be true and every man a liar;...' (Romans 3:4).   It ÿcould be argued that even these preliminary statements ÿof solution ÿand principles of Bible interpretation as set forth ÿin this ÿstudy are in themselves presuppositions with which we ÿview the ÿBible. ÿÿBut ÿthe ÿquestion at ÿissue ÿis ÿ"Where ÿdo ÿthese              statements come from?' ÿAre they the teachings of the Bible? Are they ÿsomething that can be clearly demomstrated ÿas ÿoriginating from the pages of Holy Writ, ÿor are they just someone's ÿtheory? If ÿthey ÿcannot be shown to be actually derived from the ÿBible, they should be corrected, ÿbecause no presupposition should stand if it is not in complete harmony with the Bible.   I ÿdo believe that amongst the various denominations there ÿis the ÿcommon agreement that the Bible is true, ÿthat the Bible ÿis the ÿinfallible ÿWord of God, ÿand that it is the only ÿrule ÿfor doctrine ÿand ÿfor ÿpractice. ÿI ÿbelieve there is ÿalso ÿgeneral agreement ÿthat we cannot trust our minds, ÿbut that we must ÿput every thought under the searchlight of the Word of God. ÿAt least this is what the Bible clearly teaches.                                          If theologians would come to the Bible with no more than these common presuppositions, ÿhumbly letting the Bible lead them ÿinto truth, then, there would be more and more agreement amongst those who are children of God regardless of denominational ÿbackground. This is so simply because truth is truth. ÿAn incorrect ÿdoctrine can never agree with the Scriptures. ÿA stubborn holding to wrong doctrine ÿin ÿthe ÿface ÿof the light of the ÿScriptures ÿis, ÿÿI believe, the most serious problem facing the church today.   Indeed, ÿÿif ÿwe are truly a child of God, ÿat the ÿmoment ÿof salvation we receive our resurrected souls in which we never wish to ÿsin again. ÿThus, ÿeven though our unsaved bodies still ÿlust after sin, ÿthere is constantly within us an earnest desire to do the will of God. And as we read and study the Bible we learn more and ÿmore how we can live in accord with God's will. ÿBecause ÿwe have this intense desire to do God's will, we also become greatly troubled ÿÿwhenever ÿwe ÿdiscover ÿwe ÿhave ÿbeen ÿholding ÿwrong doctrine. ÿÿThat ÿis, ÿas we read or study the Bible, ÿif we ÿrun across a verse that appears to contradict a doctrine we hold, ÿwe will ÿbecome greatly concerned. ÿOur new nature (our ÿresurrected soul), has an intense desire to be true to God's Word. Therefore, this ÿÿconcern ÿwill ÿnot ÿdisappear ÿuntil ÿwe ÿhave ÿÿcarefully reexamined ÿthis ÿdoctrine to the point that we ÿare ÿcomfortable with all that the Bible teaches concerning it.   Of ÿcourse, ÿthe tragic other-side-of-the-coin is that ÿif ÿwe persist ÿin ÿa ÿsinful practice after reading statements ÿin ÿthe Bible ÿthat ÿshow ÿthat practice to be sinful, ÿÿthen ÿwe ÿshould rightly begin to wonder whether or not we are really saved.                  Likewise, ÿif we continue holding and teaching wrong ÿdoctrine after reading Scripture that suggests it is wrong, ÿthen we ÿmust ask the logical and fair question, ÿ"How can I really be a ÿchild of ÿGod ÿand blatantly continue holding ÿwrong ÿdoctrine?' ÿÿThe seriousness of such a question cannot be overestimated.   It may be that, ÿas we humbly approach the Bible, ÿletting God lead us into truth, we may find that a doctrine or a whole series of ÿÿdoctrines ÿÿtaught ÿÿby ÿÿour ÿÿchurch ÿÿas ÿÿdenominational presuppositions ÿare indeed true to the Word of God. ÿThen we can be ÿassured ÿthat the church fathers who ÿfirst ÿpresented ÿthese doctrines ÿhave done their work very well. ÿThe Holy ÿSpirit ÿhas indeed enlightened their hearts and minds to truth.   If ÿI may give a personal note, ÿI ÿwas brought up in a church that ÿis ÿReformed in doctrine. ÿWhile I had heard about the ÿso- called ÿfive points of Calvinism, ÿI ÿhad never been taught ÿwell enough so that I could go to the Bible to prove any of these five points that concern themselves with the doctrines of grace.  ÿThe    fact is, ÿI ÿcan recall reading learned essays on these doctrines in ÿmy younger days in some of our church papers, ÿand being very confused by what I read.                                          However, ÿÿin my role as host of the Open Forum program ÿwhere people ask me questions concerning the Bible "live' ÿon the air, I have had to face the whole question of the nature of ÿsalvation with ÿgreat zeal. ÿWhen I was finally able to ferret out all ÿthe biblical ÿteachings ÿconcerning the nature of salvation, ÿÿto ÿmy utter ÿdelight I found that the five points of Calvinism were ÿin agreement ÿwith ÿeverything ÿthat I had found in ÿmy ÿindependent studies ÿof the Scriptures. ÿThe Reformers of old had done ÿtheir work very well and very accurately.   On the other hand, in my personal experience I have also found that ÿother ÿhistorical ÿstatements ÿof the ÿchurch ÿare ÿnot ÿas biblical. ÿÿFor example, ÿtoday we have the confessions like ÿthe Heidelberg Catechism, ÿthe Canons of Dort, ÿthe Belgic Confession and ÿthe Westminster Confession. ÿWhile I have a very high regard for ÿthese confessions of the church (because in many cases ÿthey have ÿbeen ÿhammered ÿout ÿin the crucible ÿof ÿa ÿchurch ÿfacing apostasy ÿor heresy, ÿand because in the main they can be ÿtested and ÿfound ÿto ÿbe quite accurate insofar as the ÿScriptures ÿare concerned), ÿnevertheless, ÿthere are statements in some of ÿthem which I believe can be shown to be incorrect insofar as the Bible is concerned.   But do we dare to disagree with the confessions? ÿWe must dare to ÿdisagree ÿif ÿwe ÿcan ÿshow ÿfrom ÿthe ÿScriptures ÿthat ÿthe confession ÿis incorrect!  ÿOtherwise the confession ÿbecomes ÿan authority higher than the Bible itself.   As long as we are talking about confessions, I think it is ap- propriate to make this statement: The confessions have served the church ÿexceedingly well in that they have provided stability ÿat times ÿwhen theologians might have become careless in their study of the Scriptures. ÿThey can give a church a lot of security. ÿOn the other hand, they can also do a great disservice to the church if ÿthe ÿconfession is looked upon as being inviolate. ÿÿWe ÿmust realize ÿthat the confession is the work of man, ÿnot the work of God. Only the Bible is the work of God. I am tremendously pleased with Article VII of the Belgic Confession, which reads:

          THE SUFFICIENCY OF THE HOLY SCRIPTURES TO BE           THE ONLY RULE OF FAITH

  We ÿbelieve that those Holy Scriptures fully contain the ÿwill of God, ÿand that whatsoever man ought to believe unto ÿsalvation is ÿsufficiently taught therein. ÿFor since the whole ÿmanner ÿof worship which God requires of us is written in them at large, ÿit is unlawful for any one, ÿthough an apostle, ÿto teach ÿotherwise than ÿwe are now taught in the Holy Scriptures: ÿ"nay, ÿthough it were an angel from heaven,' as the apostle Paul says. ÿFor since it ÿis forbidden to "add unto or take away anything from the Word of ÿGod,' ÿÿit does thereby evidently appear that ÿthe ÿdoctrine thereof is most perfect and complete in all respects.   Neither ÿmay ÿwe consider any writings of men, ÿÿhowever ÿholy these men have been, of equal value with those divine Scriptures, nor ÿought ÿwe to consider custom, ÿor the great ÿmultitude, ÿÿor antiquity, ÿÿor ÿsuccession of times and persons, ÿÿor ÿcouncils, decrees ÿor statutes, ÿas of equal value with the truth ÿof ÿGod, since ÿthe ÿtruth is above all; ÿ"for all men are ÿof ÿthemselves liars, ÿand more vain than vanity itself.' ÿTherefore we ÿreject with ÿall ÿour ÿhearts ÿwhatsoever ÿdoes ÿnot ÿagree ÿwith ÿÿthis infallible rule, ÿas the apostles have taught us, saying, ÿ"Prove the spirits, ÿwhether they are of God.' ÿLikewise: ÿ"If any ÿone cometh unto you, ÿand bringeth not this teaching, receive him not into your house.'

  This ÿarticle of the Belgic Confession accurately ÿsets ÿforth the biblical principle that nothing can stand above the Bible. It reminds us that accurate dealing with the Bible is of ÿphenomenal importance. ÿAnd this matter of the importance of the Bible being the ÿultimate authority cannot be swept under the rug. ÿIt cannot be answered, ÿ"That is your opinion. ÿI ÿhave my opinion.' ÿÿThe issue is whether we are going to be true prophets of God or false prophets of God.   The ÿprophets of Baal on Mount Carmel were ÿutterly ÿconvinced that they had truth as they cut themselves and cried to their god to burn the sacrifice on the altar. ÿBut all their zeal and their sincerity ÿand ÿtheir conviction could not change the ÿfact ÿthat they ÿwere ÿfalse prophets. ÿThe prophets and ÿthe ÿPharisees ÿof Jesus' ÿday, together with Saul of Tarsus, were utterly convinced that ÿthey had truth as they did everything possible to stop ÿthe spread of the Gospel as taught by this Rabbi, Jesus. Certainly no one ÿcould ÿfault ÿthem ÿfor their zeal and ÿsincerity ÿor ÿtheir conviction. ÿÿBut ÿthey were false prophets, ÿand only ÿthe ÿtrue followers of Jesus were the true prophets. ÿIf we are going to be true ÿprophets ÿin ÿour day, ÿit is ÿimperative ÿthat ÿwe ÿhumble ourselves ÿand approach the Bible with the recognition that ÿonly God is true, and every man is a liar. That is, we all have within us the possibility of self-deception.   Even after we are saved, ÿwe still have sin-stained minds. ÿNo one ÿon this side of the grave is going to know truth ÿperfectly. Therefore, ÿÿat ÿtimes even the most careful teacher will ÿbe ÿin error. Each and every time that we teach in error we are actually teaching a lie. For that reason, every teacher has to come humbly to ÿthe ÿLord asking forgiveness for that which has ÿbeen ÿtaught which was not true. We all see through a glass darkly.   But ÿthe ÿteaching of doctrine is analogous to living out ÿour Christian life. ÿAs we saw earlier, as we study the Bible, ÿif we find sin in our lives, the earnest desire of our lives is to turn away from that sin. ÿSo we ask the Lord's forgiveness, and we ask Him ÿto strengthen us as we turn away from that sin. ÿThe life of the ÿbeliever ÿis ÿone of constant learning ÿas ÿhe ÿincreasingly discovers how to live a more holy life before God.   Even ÿso, ÿÿeach teacher, ÿeach pastor should ÿbe ÿcontinually learn- ÿing doctrine. ÿHe can never say there is nothing more ÿto learn. ÿIf he has stopped learning, ÿhe may as well be dead. ÿAnd just ÿas we repent of sinful practices when we discover ÿthem ÿin our ÿlives so too, ÿas we continue our study of the Bible, ÿif we discover ÿthat ÿa doctrine that we have held and ÿtaught ÿis ÿnot biblical, ÿÿwe should ask the Lord's forgiveness, ÿand we ÿshould turn away from that unbiblical teaching.   Obviously, ÿthis is much easier said than done. When we repent of ÿunbiblical practices, ÿwe usually have the approbation of our congregation, ÿÿand this serves as encouragement to take this new path. ÿÿÿHowever, ÿÿÿwhen ÿwe ÿdiscover ÿthat ÿa ÿÿdenominational presupposition ÿis not as biblical as it should be, ÿor should we discover ÿthat a doctrine we have held is unbiblical, ÿin turning away from this we risk the wrath of our colleagues as well as the wrath of our entire denomination. We may even look like a heretic in ÿtheir ÿeyes ÿbecause ÿwe ÿno longer ÿhold ÿto ÿthis ÿor ÿthat denominational ÿpresupposition ÿor doctrine. ÿThe consequence ÿof this can be that we are actually driven our of our denomination.   This ÿdire consequence seems strict and unwarranted. ÿBut that is how monolithic denominations are in what they believe. ÿTruly, it ÿis only God's grace working in one's life that enables him to courageously face the consequences of coming closer to truth.   I can't help but comment on the fact that churches, ÿto a high degree, ÿÿhave ÿfigured ÿout ÿhow ÿto ÿhave ÿa ÿvery ÿcomfortable existence. ÿEverything is agreeable. ÿEverything is happy. ÿÿThis makes me wonder why Jesus said in Matthew 5:10-12:

        Blessed are they which are persecuted for righteousness'         sake:  for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

        Blessed are ye, when men shall revile you, and persecute            you, ÿÿand ÿshall ÿsay all manner ÿof ÿevil ÿagainst ÿyou         falsely, for my sake.

        Rejoice, and be exceeding glad: for great is your reward            in heaven: for so persecuted they the prophets which were         before you.

  Did ÿJesus ÿhave ÿin mind only the kind ÿof ÿpersecution ÿthat occurs in a Communist country? ÿWas He thinking only of ÿdreadful bloodlet- tings by political authorities?   Amazingly, the persecution spoken of in the Bible, as the pro- phets were killed, or as the Christians of the New Testament were brought into Jerusalem to be cast into prison, was persecution by the church leaders. ÿThe Bible anticipates that it is the leaders of ÿthe church who will be the first to denounce those who make a stand for the truth. Because people do not change, ÿbecause today they ÿdo not want the truth any more than they have at any ÿother time ÿin history, ÿwe should also expect that, ÿif we hold to the truth, ÿÿwe will experience persecution. ÿOf course, ÿin our land physical ÿbloodletting ÿis not fashionable, ÿbut certainly it ÿis permissible to scandalize, to vilify, ÿor to speak badly of those who hold to truth.   The ÿother side of the coin is, ÿif all appears beautiful ÿand complacent ÿand secure, ÿthen we can rightly wonder "Do we really have the truth?' ÿRemember, Jesus said, "Woe unto you, ÿwhen all men shall speak well of you!' (Luke 6:26).   This ÿÿis ÿnot ÿto ÿsuggest ÿthat ÿwe ÿshould ÿwillingly ÿseek persecution. ÿÿIt ÿis ÿonly ÿto remind us of the ÿsad ÿfact ÿthat persecution ÿis reasonably normative for the true believer. ÿÿAnd surely, ÿwhen a pastor discovers that a cherished doctrine of his church ÿis ÿnot as biblical as it should be, ÿhe can expect ÿsome kind ÿof ÿpersecution as he begins to preach more ÿfaithfully ÿin accordance with the Word of God.   Again, ÿÿI ÿcannot help but comment at this time upon ÿa ÿvery significant ÿagreement ÿthat ÿis developing in ÿour ÿday ÿbetween denominations which historically have been quite adamant in their "go-it-alone' understanding of many of the cardinal doctrines of the Bible. ÿThat growing unity is centered around doctrines ÿthat can be shown to be quite unbiblical. Increasingly, unity is being found in connection with doctrines such as divorce and remarriage after ÿdivorce, ÿthe right of women to rule and speak within ÿthe congregation, birth control, and the responsibility of the church to ÿphysically ÿfeed and clothe the hungry masses of ÿthe ÿworld. Additionally in our day, ÿdoctrines that favor miraculous healing and additional revelation are finding increasing approval ÿacross all denominational lines.   This ÿis ÿan amazing phenomenon in view of the fact that ÿthis latter ÿday unity is based on principles that can be shown to ÿbe contrary to the Bible. ÿI ÿcannot help but wonder whether this is the end product of a church age in which the churches have become careless ÿwith the Bible because of their presuppositions. ÿÿWhen bringing ÿjudgment, ÿGod first of all blinds theologians so ÿthat they ÿbegin to rewrite the rules of the Bible. ÿThen, ÿas a final judgment ÿon the church prior to Judgment Day, ÿHe will allow the churches ÿto ÿbe overcome by these false gospels that ÿhold ÿthat there is more to divine revelation than the Bible alone.   But ÿwe have wandered way beyond the scope of our study, ÿÿand now ÿwe should return to the questions at issue: ÿHow are ÿwe ÿto under-stand ÿthe ÿBible? ÿHow are we to interpret ÿthe ÿdifficult passages of the Bible?   God ÿÿgives ÿus ÿthe ÿanswer ÿconcerning ÿthis ÿmatter ÿin ÿÿI Corinthians 2:13:         Which things also we speak, not in the words which man's         wisdom teacheth, but which the Holy Ghost teacheth;              comparing spiritual things with spiritual.                       

  In ÿthis ÿstatement ÿGod ÿis rejecting the idea ÿthat ÿwe ÿcan interpret ÿthe Scripture in order to make it agree with ÿwhatever we ÿhold in our own minds or in our denomination's thinking. ÿOur thinking, our opinion, our ideas are of no value. Only the Bible, which is the source book of spiritual truths, ÿcan guide us to ÿa solution, ÿto a true understanding of the verse in question. ÿAnd God Himself, ÿin the person of the Holy Spirit, will lead us into truth ÿas ÿwe humbly look to Him for guidance (John 16:13). ÿÿThe sword of the Spirit, ÿas He leads us into truth, ÿis the Word ÿof God which we call the Bible. ÿWe must come to an understanding of any part of the Bible by searching the rest of the Scriptures for help in our understanding of that part of the Bible.    True some verses seem to be easily understood, ÿbut there ÿare so many that are very difficult, ÿyes, even seemingly contrary to other verses. ÿEven those verses which seem so easily understood, how can we be sure that we understand them correctly?    For ÿexample, ÿÿwhen ÿwe read Matthew 25:31, ÿÿsurely ÿGod ÿis speaking ÿof a time when all nations will literally stand ÿbefore Him. ÿÿAt ÿthat time all those who have done such good ÿworks ÿas feeding ÿthe hungry, ÿclothing the naked, ÿand visiting the ÿsick will ÿgo into heaven to be eternally with the Lord Jesus ÿChrist. Certainly, it seems, ÿthis passage is teaching that our salvation is based on our good works. As a matter of fact, this passage has become a convin- cing proof passage for those who wish to believe that ÿtheir good works make at least a contribution towards their salvation.    However, those who have read more widely and more carefully in the ÿBible immediately become uneasy with the conclusions of ÿour last ÿparagraph. ÿThey argue, ÿ"But doesn't the Bible say that we are ÿsaved ÿby grace and not by works?' ÿAnd indeed, ÿÿthey ÿare correct. ÿÿSalvation is by grace alone. ÿOur works are ÿonly ÿthe proof, ÿÿor evidence, ÿor result of God's saving power within our lives.    But ÿhow ÿdo ÿwe know that salvation is by grace ÿand ÿnot ÿby works? ÿÿHow ÿdo ÿwe know that, ÿwhatever ÿMatthew ÿ25:31-46 ÿÿis teaching, ÿÿit is not teaching that our good works are the ÿbasis of, or ground for, our salvation? We know this because many other verses ÿin ÿthe ÿBible ÿemphasize and ÿteach ÿvery ÿclearly ÿthat salvation ÿis altogether of grace. ÿEphesians 2:8-10 ÿis just one passage ÿamong many that teaches that salvation is altogether ÿof grace. There we read: 

        For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of         yourselves: it is the gift of God:

        Not of works, lest any man should boast.

        For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto         good works, which God hath before ordained that we should         walk in them.

  Many theologians today subscribe to the hermeneutical ÿprinci- ple ÿthat ÿif the verse in question makes common sense as ÿit ÿis read, ÿthen we are to seek no other sense. In other words, if the verse appears to be very straightforward and very clear, and if a conclusion ÿas ÿto what it is teaching can be immediately ÿfound, then ÿyou ÿcan be quite sure you are on safe ground ÿin ÿteaching this forthright conclusion.   But this hermeneutical principle is itself biblically invalid.  Every ÿconclusion, ÿregardless of how solid it appears, ÿmust ÿbe tested ÿby ÿthe rest of the Bible to determine whether it ÿis ÿin harmony with the rest of the Bible.

For Example, How Are We to Understand Isaiah 2:4?

  Let's look, ÿfor example, at a verse such as Isaiah 2:4 ÿwhich declares:

        And he shall judge among the nations, and shall rebuke            many people: and they shall beat their swords into plow-                  shares and their spears into pruninghooks: nation shall         not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they          learn war any more.

  Certainly it seems that this verse is teaching that there will be a future time on this present earth when universal peace ÿwill prevail, ÿwhen warfare between nations will have come to an ÿend. The ÿbeliever ÿholding ÿthe ÿpre-millennial ÿview ÿsees ÿthis ÿas occurring during a future 1,000 ÿyear reign of Christ when He ÿis supposed ÿto rule from Jerusalem. ÿThe ÿpost-millennial ÿbeliever does ÿnot ÿsee Christ Himself returning to this earth ÿto ÿreign. Rather, ÿhe sees a future golden age wherein the Christian Gospel will ÿhave become so all pervasive throughout the world that ÿthe nations will actually cease from warfare. ÿIn either case, ÿÿthis conclusion of a future time when war will come to an end seems to harmonize ÿwell with other conclusions concerning future ÿevents.

Thus it would be easy to conclude that this verse that speaks ÿof a cessation of warfare is very clear and easy to understand.    But is it really so easy to understand?  In Matthew 24:6-8 God speaks ÿof wars and rumors of wars as the beginning ÿof ÿsorrows.  He ÿthen goes on to describe the final tribulation period as ÿthe last ÿevent ÿbefore Christ's return and Judgment Day.  ÿÿThus ÿno possibility ÿis offered in these verses for a time ÿof ÿpolitical peace on this earth.    Moreover, ÿÿthe heart of man is desperately wicked, ÿas we are informed in Jeremiah 17:9.  ÿBecause of this sad fact we are told in James 4:1-2:

        From whence come wars and fightings among you? come they         not hence, even of your lusts that war in your members?

        Ye lust, and have not:  ye kill, and desire to have, and         cannot obtain:  ye fight and war, yet ye have not, be-         ye ask not.

  Truly ÿthe Bible does not allow the conclusion that ÿuniversal peace ÿwill ÿcome ÿupon this present earth at some ÿfuture ÿtime.  That ÿis an impossible idea in the face of the corrupt nature ÿof mankind.    But what then does Isaiah 2:4 teach?  ÿThe answer may be found    by ÿlooking ÿat other passages in the Bible that speak of ÿpeace.      For example, we read in Isaiah 40:1-2:

        Comfort ye, comfort ye my people, saith your God.

        Speak ye comfortably to Jerusalem, and cry unto her, that         her ÿwarfare ÿis ÿaccomplished, ÿÿthat ÿher ÿiniquity ÿis         pardoned for she hath received of the Lord's hand  double         for all her sins.

  In ÿthis revealing passage God shows us that the cessation ÿof war ÿGod has in view is not between political nations. ÿRather it is between, ÿon the one hand, ÿthe dominion of Satan to which ÿwe belong before we are saved, and on the other hand, the kingdom of God which we have entered into when we became saved. ÿChrist came as the Prince of Peace. ÿBefore we were saved, as slaves of Satan we were at war with God. After we became saved, ÿwe were at peace with ÿGod. ÿÿIsaiah ÿ2:4 ÿis thus speaking of the coming ÿof ÿthe Messiah ÿto ÿbring spiritual peace to this world. ÿAll of us ÿwho have ÿbelieved on Him have come into this peace. ÿBefore we ÿwere saved ÿwe ÿwere ÿa ÿnation at war with the nation ÿwhich ÿis ÿthe kingdom ÿof God. ÿNow that we are saved we have become a part ÿof the kingdom of God and, ÿtherefore, are at peace with God. We now have ÿbecome servants of God, ÿcaring for the spiritual needs ÿof this ÿworld. ÿÿThis ÿis the import ÿof ÿthe ÿlanguage ÿdescribing believers as using henceforth plowshares and pruninghooks.   This understanding of Isaiah 2:4 ÿis now in agreement with all else the Bible teaches. But such an understanding could come only after ÿrealizing ÿthat ÿeven those verses which ÿwere ÿapparently quite ÿclear ÿmust be examined in the light of the ÿrest ÿof ÿthe Bible ÿbefore we are ready to be satisfied with our understanding of that verse.   We ÿthus see that the hermeneutical principle ÿthat ÿdeclares, "If the verse in question makes common sense as it is read, ÿthen seek ÿno ÿother ÿsense,' ÿÿviolates ÿa ÿfundamental ÿÿscriptural principle. ÿRegardless of how clear a verse may appear to be, the doctrinal ÿconclusion ÿwe derive from that verse ÿshould ÿnot ÿbe taught as Gospel truth until it has been checked against anything and ÿeverything ÿelse ÿin the Bible that ÿmight ÿrelate ÿto ÿthat conclusion.    Theologians ÿfrequently ÿfall ÿinto a snare because ÿthey ÿun- wittingly violate the principle that they must always check their conclusions concerning one part of the Bible with the rest of the Bible. That is, they study a particular verse or passage and come to ÿa ÿconclusion ÿwithout ÿtaking the time to ÿsee ÿif ÿit ÿwill harmonize ÿwith everything else the Bible teaches concerning ÿthe subject at hand.   The ÿfact is, ÿthe very structure of theological ÿstudy ÿoften fosters ÿunbiblical conclusions. ÿOne theologian is an expert ÿin Greek, ÿanother in Hebrew, ÿone in the Old Testament, ÿanother in the New Testament. One is considered to have his expertise in the doctrines of Christ, another in the doctrines of the Holy Spirit, and ÿstill ÿanother ÿin ÿthe doctrine of ÿthe ÿend ÿtimes. ÿÿEven theological courses are set up on various subjects so that ÿthere is a course in soteriology (the doctrine of salvation), ÿÿanother in ÿChristology (the doctrine of Christ), ÿand still ÿanother ÿin eschatology (the doctrine of the last things), etc.   While ÿÿthis ÿstructuring ÿof ÿtheological ÿtruth ÿÿdoes ÿÿnot necessarily ÿneed to result in wrong conclusions, ÿfrequently ÿit does. ÿÿFor example, ÿit is entirely possible for ÿa ÿtheological professor ÿto find many verses that deal directly with the nature and ÿpurpose of the church so that by carefully studying these ÿa theologian can become an expert in ecclesiology (the doctrine ÿof the church). ÿAnd the conclusions he may come to and teach others may ÿappear altogether biblical as he views them in the light ÿof the ÿverses that speak about the church. ÿHe may have an ÿearnest desire to be as faithful to the Bible as possible. ÿNo one ÿwould dare ÿfault ÿhis integrity as he teaches all that he has ÿlearned from the Bible, as he teaches concerning the church.   But ÿthe ÿfact ÿis, ÿif he has not tested his ÿconclusions ÿto discover ÿif ÿthey ÿare in complete harmony with ÿall ÿthe ÿBible teaches concerning the nature of salvation, concerning the nation of ÿIsrael, ÿconcerning the end time, ÿconcerning the Holy Spirit and for that matter concerning everything else the Bible teaches, the ÿlikelihood ÿis that some of his conclusions ÿconcerning ÿthe church will be invalid.   He could have done theologically what a designer of a building has ÿdone ÿwho designs some of the beams within the ÿbuilding ÿto carry ÿcertain ÿstresses ÿand ÿforces ÿbut ÿfails ÿto ÿcheck ÿthe foundation ÿdesign to see if it is capable of carrying those same stresses ÿand forces. ÿThis kind of practice would soon result in the ÿfailure ÿof the building. ÿAny designer knows that ÿhe ÿmust carefully ÿdesign ÿeach part of the structure to make ÿsure ÿthat each and every beam, each and every bolt, will be able to sustain the stresses and forces that are put upon the building. Only then will the building be safe.   Likewise, ÿÿany ÿconclusion we arrive at based on ÿour ÿunder- standing of a particular verse or verses must be tested for their scriptural integrity by everything else in the Bible that relates to these verses.   We ÿmust look to the Bible itself to interpret Scripture. ÿFor example, ÿÿwe cannot look at Matthew 25:31-46 ÿand understand ÿit unless we examine it in the light of anything and everything else the ÿBible ÿteaches regarding the subject matter found ÿin ÿthese verses. ÿÿOnly then can we know that these verses are ÿa ÿparable teaching spiritual truth directly related to salvation.

  This ÿmethod ÿof ÿinterpretation is precisely what ÿthe ÿBible tells us to do, as I Corinthians 2:13 declares:

        Which things also we speak, not in the words which         man's wisdom teacheth, but which the Holy Ghost         teacheth; comparing spiritual things with spiritual.

  Since ÿGod is Spirit, ÿsince salvation is God's spiritual pro- gram ÿwhereby we who are spiritually dead are reconciled ÿto ÿGod and become spiritually alive, ÿand since God's Word is the ÿSword of the Spirit, ÿwe must realize that to compare spiritual ÿthings with ÿspiritual is to compare one part of the Bible with anything and everything else in the Bible. ÿThus we find that we are quite correct in our conclusion that we are to interpret the Bible with the ÿBible. ÿWe are to compare each and every thing in the ÿBible with anything and everything else in the Bible that may relate to the verse or word being studied. ÿOnly after we have examined the word, ÿÿphrase, ÿor verse in question in the light of the rest of the ÿBible ÿ(so that we know we are in agreement with ÿthe ÿwhole Bible) ÿare we ready to teach the meaning of the verse or word in ques-tion.   This does mean that the student of the Bible must increasingly become ÿan ÿexpert ÿin the whole Bible. ÿIt means ÿthat ÿhe ÿmust unceasingly study every aspect of Bible truth. This is a lifelong endeavor that requires constant diligence and perseverance.   It ÿalso ÿmeans ÿthat ÿthere will be times ÿwhen ÿit ÿwill ÿbe necessary to set aside previously held conclusions that will ÿnot stand the scrutiny of the whole Bible. ÿThis requires much ÿgrace and ÿhumility of spirit. ÿThis is altogether necessary ÿif ÿtruth will be served.

The Bible is its own Dictionary     

  If ÿwe ÿcontinue to study every aspect of the whole ÿBible ÿwe will discover that the Bible is its own dictionary. If we wish to know ÿthe meaning of a word used in the Bible, ÿwe do not go to a dictionary ÿof modern Greek or Hebrew (the original languages ÿof the Bible). To do so would be quite useless. The meaning of words has ÿchanged to such a degree during the two thousand years since the ÿBible ÿwas written that it would be a wonder if any ÿof ÿthe words used in the Bible had the same meaning today.   But ÿwhen we find all of the verses in the Bible in which ÿthe word ÿin question is found in the original language, ÿwe can ÿsee how it is used in all of these verses. Based on this information, we can begin to discern its meaning and thus know how it is ÿused in the verse in question.                                              Thus in attempting to discover the meaning of any verse, it is necessary to do a study of the words and con- ÿcepts in the verse to see how they are used throughout the Bible. ÿBy this means ÿwe bring the whole Bible to bear on the verse in question.   Occasionally ÿwe ÿwill find a word in the original ÿHebrew ÿor Greek which is used only once in the entire Bible. ÿIn this case, it ÿcannot be compared with its use in other parts of the ÿBible. However, ÿÿwe can be sure that the context in which this word ÿis found ÿwill convey a truth which is found in other places in ÿthe Bible. ÿÿTherefore, ÿÿfrom the Bible we can know ÿthe ÿparameters prescribing how we are to understand the word in question.   The ÿusage ÿof biblical words in the ancient secular ÿwritings can ÿbe ÿof ÿsome help in beginning to find the ÿmeaning ÿof ÿthe biblical ÿword in question. ÿBut the secular record may never ÿbe considered ÿas trustworthy as the Bible itself. ÿTherefore, ÿÿthe Bible's usage of the word in question must be the final authority in determining its meaning.   Only ÿvery ÿinfrequently ÿis it impossible ÿto ÿdetermine ÿthe meaning of a Hebrew or Greek word. It is then best to leave it in its original Hebrew or Greek, ÿtrusting that at some future ÿdate God ÿmay ÿopen the eyes of some Bible student to ÿunderstand ÿits meaning and purpose as used in the text.

The Bible is its own Grammar Book   

  Moreover, ÿÿthe ÿBible is its own grammar book. ÿÿThe ÿcareful student may begin to understand the tenses, ÿmoods, and voices in the ÿHebrew and Greek, ÿthe original languages of the Bible, ÿÿby studying ÿthese languages in the ancient secular accounts. ÿIt is indeed ÿconventional ÿfor the Bible student to go ÿto ÿa ÿHebrew- English or a Greek-English dictionary for this purpose.  ÿBut ÿno conclusion ÿbased ÿon the secular evidence can stand until it ÿis subjected to the scrutiny of the Bible itself.    Ideally, ÿthe rules of grammar and the meaning of words should be ÿderived entirely from the Bible itself.  ÿThis is so ÿbecause the Bible alone must stand as the final authority in all ÿmatters about which it speaks.  ÿThis must include not only the concepts, ideas, and truths set forth on its pages, ÿbut also the very form in which these concepts and truths are presented. The Bible would be less than the Word of God if this were not so, for the grammar and ÿthe ÿwords themselves are the means by which Bible truth ÿis set forth.   Thus, ÿÿthe serious Bible student should be relentless in ÿhis study of the Bible. Only as the Bible becomes increasingly a part of his life will he be able to draw closer and closer to the rich storehouse of truths, which is the Bible.   Another ÿperil ÿthe ÿBible ÿteacher faces is that ÿhe ÿmay ÿbe impressed with the fact that a great many theologians agree on ÿa particular ÿdoctrine. ÿIt is very easy simply to trust ÿthat ÿthe judgment of so many theologians must be accurate. ÿUnfortunately, however, ÿÿtheologians frequently build on what other theologians have ÿsaid rather than checking the Scriptures to make sure ÿthat previous ÿtheologians have been accurate. ÿWonderfully, ÿGod ÿhas given ÿus ÿHis ÿWord so that any conclusion, ÿregardless ÿof ÿhow widely ÿheld it may be, ÿcan be analyzed and checked against ÿthe Scriptures.   When ÿElijah ÿstood on Mount Carmel, ÿhe stood ÿalone ÿagainst hundreds ÿof ÿother ÿprophets ÿwho were ÿin ÿagreement ÿon ÿtheir theological ÿthinking. ÿBut Elijah was right and they were wrong. Concensus is never in itself a basis for truth.   We ÿare beginning to see, ÿtherefore, ÿthat the Bible ÿis ÿthe revelation ÿof ÿGod's will to man. ÿGod Himself ÿis ÿthe ÿauthor. Indeed, ÿÿGod ÿused human authors. ÿThey spoke out of ÿtheir ÿown experience, ÿtraining, environment, culture, and personality. But because ÿthey ÿwere used of God to help produce the Bible, ÿÿwhat they penned--right down to the individual word and letter of ÿthe word--was ÿthe precise word God desired to use as the ÿrevelation of His divine will. ÿTherefore, whether Paul or Jesus or Jeremiah or ÿan unnamed scribe spoke or wrote, ÿwhat was written was God's Word.   But, before we are going to know the truth taught by any verse or phrase in the Bible, ÿwe must test the conclusion to which ÿwe have come against the rest of the Bible. Again, only when we find that ÿthe ÿconclusion to which we have come is ÿin ÿharmony ÿwith everything else the Bible teaches, ÿcan we be sure that we are on the path of truth.

Red Letter Editions of the Bible

  Today we are besieged with Bibles that are called "Red ÿLetter Editions' ÿof the Bible. In these, ÿall of the words Jesus spoke are printed in red, ÿwhereas the rest of the Bible is printed ÿin black letters.   Whatever ÿthe ÿpurpose ÿof the publishing houses ÿin ÿprinting these ÿRed ÿLetter Bibles, ÿthe impact upon the reader ÿis ÿquite devastating. ÿAs he reads, ÿhe cannot help but think that somehow the ÿwords Jesus spoke are more important than those found in the rest of the Bible. After all, ÿthey are especially emphasized and underscored ÿby appearing in red, ÿand are consequently ÿset ÿoff from the rest of the Bible. Thus, the reader unconsciously adopts a principle that the Bible has two levels of authority. The first and most important authority is set forth in the words that Jesus spoke. ÿThe second level of authority is set forth throughout the rest of the Bible.   This conclusion, ÿunfortunately, ÿis contrary to the Bible and effectively ÿundermines ÿthe ÿauthority of the ÿBible. ÿÿWe ÿmust remember ÿthat the Bible itself declares that all ÿScrip-ture ÿis given by inspiration of God. ÿTherefore, a word spoken by Paul or Isaiah ÿor ÿany ÿof the other men of God used ÿto ÿpen ÿthe ÿHoly Scriptures ÿunder ÿthe inspiration of the Holy Spirit ÿhas ÿequal authority to a word spoken by the Lord Jesus Christ. ÿÿTherefore, it ÿis ÿwise ÿto use only Bibles that have all of ÿthe ÿwords ÿin black.

The Bible Is One Truth       

  Because ÿGod is the author, ÿthere is a marvelous oneness ÿand cohesiveness ÿthroughout the Bible that makes it a joy ÿto ÿstudy and ÿcontemplate. ÿWords and phrases used in one book are ÿto ÿbe studied in the light of words and phrases used everywhere else in the Bible.   Thus, for example, the meaning of the Greek word "kamno' used by the Holy Spirit in James 5:15 is to be interpreted in light of its ÿuse in two other New Testament passages, ÿHebrews 12:3 ÿÿand Revelation 2:3. In both Hebrews 12:3, where the word "kamno' ÿis translated ÿ"wearied,' ÿand Revelation 2:3, ÿwhere "kamno' ÿÿis translated "faint,' the context clearly indicates that this word is related to spiritual weariness. ÿNo suggestion is offered that it relates to physical illness. Thus, ÿby this use in the clearer passages, ÿÿone ÿcan ÿdiscover its meaning in ÿthe ÿmore ÿobscure passage, James 5:15.   The fact is, ÿwhen we read James 5:15 ÿcarefully, ÿwe discover that ÿthree ÿblessings have been experienced by the one ÿwho ÿhas been subject to "kamno,' all of which relate to salvation: 1) he has become saved; 2) he has been raised up; and 3) ÿhis sins have been ÿforgiven. ÿAll three of these phrases relate altogether ÿto salvation. ÿWhile James 5:14 ÿemploys the Greek word "astheneo,' which is translated "sick' ÿin our Bible, ÿwe find by the use of the ÿword "astheneo' ÿin other places in the Bible that this can refer ÿto any kind of spiritual or physical illness. ÿBut because God used the word "kamno' ÿin verse 15 ÿin place of "astheneo,' we ÿknow ÿthat physical healing is not what is in ÿview ÿin ÿthis passage; rather, the focus is on salvation.

Interpreting ÿScripture ÿwith ÿScripture Helps Us ÿto ÿUnderstand Matthew 12:36     

  The statement in Matthew 12:36 ÿcan easily be misunderstood if we ÿdo ÿnot understand the principle of comparing Scripture ÿwith Scripture. ÿIn Matthew 12:36 ÿJesus lays down the principle ÿthat "every ÿidle word that men shall speak, ÿthey shall give ÿaccount thereof ÿin ÿthe ÿday of judgment.' ÿDoes this ÿmean ÿthat ÿeven believers ÿare to give an account before God? ÿBy looking at ÿthe word "judgment' in light of everything else the Bible offers, we can know that believers do not come into judgment. Let us see why this is so.   The ÿÿGreek ÿword ÿused ÿin ÿMatthew ÿ12:36 ÿÿand ÿÿtranslated "judgment' ÿÿin the King James Bible is the word "krisis.' ÿÿWe find this same word used in John 5:24, where Christ declares, "He that ÿheareth ÿMy Word and believeth on Him that sent ÿMe, ÿÿhath everlasting ÿlife, ÿand shall not come into condemnation; ÿbut is passed ÿÿfrom ÿÿdeath ÿÿinto ÿÿlife.' ÿÿÿThe ÿÿword ÿÿtranslated "condemnation' is the word "krisis,' the identical word used in Matthew 12. ÿThus we are assured that those who have placed their trust ÿin ÿChrist ÿdo ÿnot give an account ÿbefore ÿthe ÿJudgment Throne. ÿIf we should expand this thought further, ÿwe would ÿsee that ÿthe reason we do not come into judgment is that Christ ÿhas become sin for those who have placed their trust in Him, ÿand ÿHe has already been judged for those sins. ÿTherefore, believers can not ÿbe ÿjudged again for the sins that have already ÿbeen ÿtaken care of by our Savior. ÿEffectively, ÿthe believers have ÿalready stood before the judgment throne of God to answer for their sins. They ÿdid ÿso ÿin ÿthe ÿperson of Jesus ÿChrist, ÿÿwho ÿas ÿtheir substitute ÿwas laden with their sins, ÿwas found guilty of those sins, ÿand was punished for those sins. ÿThus the demands of ÿthe law ÿof ÿGod set forth in 2 Corinthians 5:10 ÿhave ÿbeen ÿmet ÿby Christ on behalf of all who believe on Him. This verse declares:

        For we must all appear before the judgment seat of         Christ; that every one may receive the things done in         his body, according to that he hath done, whether it be         good or bad.     

  These ÿare ÿjust ÿa few of the great number of ÿexamples ÿthat could be offered, indicating that we must examine words carefully in ÿthe light of their use throughout the whole Bible to discover their true meaning. Since God is the author of the Bible, ÿwe can expect ÿthat ÿevery ÿword ÿfound in the ÿBible ÿin ÿthe ÿoriginal language has been carefully selected by God regardless of whether Luke, ÿJeremiah, ÿor Moses was the human author. ÿBecause we know that God is infallible in all that He does, we can place implicit trust in the Bible.

The Bible Is Infallible   

  One ÿmust ÿunderstand, ÿÿof course, ÿthat ÿonly ÿthe ÿoriginal autographs are to be considered absolutely infallible. ÿThey, ÿin the Hebrew, ÿGreek, and sometimes Aramaic, ÿas originally penned, are the articulation of the perfect will of God.   Wonderfully, ÿÿthe ÿancient ÿscribes who made ÿcopies ÿof ÿthe originals ÿfor ÿlater generations had a deep sensitivity ÿto ÿthe holiness ÿand ÿuniqueness of the Word of God. ÿThus, ÿeven ÿafter hundreds of years, copies were such faithful reproductions of the original ÿmanuscripts that one can still consider these copies to be virtually infallible.   Usually the earlier in time the original was copied, ÿthe more faithful ÿthe copy is. ÿWonderfully, ÿGod has provided access ÿto some very ancient copies, ÿsome of which, ÿin the case of the Old Testament, ÿÿwere ÿmade even prior to the appearance of ÿthe ÿNew Testament writings. ÿThus, ÿtranslators have a superbly ÿaccurate Bible from which to work.   The ÿtask ÿof the translator is to translate as faithfully ÿas possible. Because languages are not exactly parallel in structure or ÿin ÿmeanings ÿof individual words, ÿit ÿis ÿan ÿexacting ÿand difficult ÿjob ÿto ÿbe ÿas absolutely true ÿto ÿthe ÿoriginal ÿas possible. This, however, is the task of the translator.   Actually, ÿÿmost ÿwords ÿin the Bible ÿdo ÿhave ÿfairly ÿexact equivalents in the language into which they are to be translated. Most ÿphrases ÿin the original texts lend ÿthemselves ÿto ÿrather accurate translation without dropping or adding additional words. To ÿÿthe ÿÿcredit ÿof ÿthe ÿKing ÿJames ÿand ÿAmerican ÿÿStandard translators, ÿÿin ÿthese versions words which were added to ÿhelp work out the English translation were italicized. Thus the reader is ÿwarned that the italicized word was not itself actually found in the original.   Wonderfully ÿBibles ÿare ÿavailable ÿin ÿmost ÿof ÿthe ÿÿmajor languages of the world. ÿThese Bibles are so well translated that we ÿmay consider them to be almost as infallible as the ÿoriginal texts. Moreover, because Hebrew and Greek texts are available for study and comparison, ÿstudents of the Word can again examine the original ÿÿlanguage ÿto ÿcheck ÿthe ÿtranslators' ÿÿfaithfulness. Excellent concordances such as Young's Analytical Concordance and Strong's ÿExhaustive ÿConcordance assist even the ÿnon-Greek ÿand non-Hebrew ÿstudents ÿto study God's use of individual ÿwords ÿas found in the original languages. ÿOur Lord has certainly ÿblessed us!    So ÿmuch, ÿthen, ÿfor a brief summary of what the Bible is and how ÿit ÿis to be translated. ÿBut now another question ÿmust ÿbe raised. ÿÿIsn't the Bible hard to read? ÿIsn't a paraphrase ÿthat rewrites ÿdifficult ÿphrases into simple English a real ÿhelp ÿin understanding the Bible? ÿLet us examine these questions ÿdealing with paraphrasing.

To Paraphrase or Not to Paraphrase   

  Many ÿclaim ÿthat among the most valuable tools for ÿeffective evangelism ÿavailable today are the paraphrased editions ÿof ÿthe Bible. ÿÿThis ÿconclusion is held by many who ÿbelieve ÿthey ÿcan testify ÿto ÿits validity by giving examples of this one or ÿthat one ÿwho ÿbecame a Christian after first ÿreading ÿa ÿparaphrased edition.   But is this conclusion truly valid? ÿHas God indeed guided men in our day to develop these more readable Bibles so that His work of ÿsaving people might be greatly assisted in these closing days of the earth's existence? Or is it possible that, ultimately, the paraphrases, ÿinstead of being a wonderful blessing, ÿwill rather prove to be such a sin that God's wrath will be poured out on the church for its audacious use of such books? ÿThese questions must be ÿexamined carefully and candidly, ÿfor we are currently ÿbeing besieged by paraphrased editions of the Bible.

  God, of course, is infinitely wise. He could very readily have written ÿthe ÿBible so that it would be so simply worded that ÿno one ÿcould misunderstand it, ÿor possibly gain the wrong meaning. But ÿGod did not intend to write the Bible so that it was ÿalways easily understood. ÿIt is true that some verses do indeed provide readily ÿunderstood truth. ÿBut many verses which at first ÿblush appear ÿeasily ÿunderstandable, ÿare actually very ÿdifficult ÿto grasp in their full meaning. The Bible declares in Proverbs 25:2: "It ÿis ÿthe glory of God to conceal a thing: ÿbut the honour ÿof kings is to search out a matter.'   And in Proverbs 1:5-6 God informs us:

        A wise man will hear, and will increase learning;         and a man of understanding shall attain unto wise         counsels:

        To understand a proverb, and the interpretation; the         words of the wise, and their dark sayings.             

  These ÿstatements warn us that all in the Bible may not be ÿas clear ÿas we would sometimes like to think. ÿWe are being advised in ÿthese verses that we have to search out the truth. ÿThe Bible points ÿto ÿsuch difficulties as Jesus declares in ÿMark ÿ4:11-12 (ASV 1901):

      And he said unto them, Unto you is given the mystery       of the kingdom of God: but unto them that are without,       all things are done in parables:

      That seeing they may see, and not perceive; and hear-       ing they may hear, and not understand; lest haply they       should turn again, and it should be forgiven them.             

  He adds in Mark 4:34: "And without a parable spake he not unto them: ÿÿbut ÿprivately ÿto his own ÿdisciples ÿhe ÿexpounded ÿall things' (ASV 1901).   This ÿdifficulty ÿof understanding the Word is highlighted ÿby the ÿmany different teachings found in the evangelical ÿcommunity concerning such important subjects as God's sovereignty, election and ÿpredestination, ÿÿthe ÿtotal depravity of ÿman, ÿÿparticular atonement versus free will, ÿthe security of believers, ÿbaptism, the Lord's Supper, ÿthe final tribulation, ÿthe return of Christ, rewards, etc. ÿIndeed we could begin to wonder whether anyone can really find truth from the Bible.   One ÿmust realize that the Word of God is to be accepted first of all by faith, ÿnot because one understands it. ÿGod's ÿcommand given ÿto ÿAbraham ÿto ÿsacrifice his son ÿIsaac ÿmade ÿno ÿsense whatsoever. ÿÿTo kill his son would contravene every promise ÿGod had made to Abraham. But Abraham obeyed by blind faith. Likewise, the ÿBible is to be accepted by faith. ÿOnly then will it be ÿthe living ÿWord ÿthat leads to salvation. ÿOnly then will it be ÿthe Sword of the Spirit which He will use to lead into all truth. ÿAs we humbly trust the Word of God, the Holy Spirit will slowly lead us to truth by His Word.   Returning ÿto the matter of paraphrased editions, ÿone ÿsenses the ÿfollowing attitude. ÿThe scribe has been given a message ÿby the ÿKing. ÿHe is mandated to give this message to the ÿpopulace. But ÿthis scribe listens to the King's message and realizes it is very ÿdifficult ÿto ÿunderstand. ÿHe reasons that a ÿmuch ÿbetter conveyance of truth would be accomplished if the message were ÿin simpler language. ÿSo after receiving the message from the ÿKing, he ÿrewrites ÿit in his own words to give to ÿthe ÿpopulace. ÿÿHe utterly ÿfails to realize that the King, ÿin his perfect ÿwisdom, gave ÿhim the message exactly as he did because he had a ÿprecise purpose in using each word.   One ÿimmediately ÿsenses ÿthe audacity, ÿÿthe ÿtemerity, ÿÿthe arrogance of this scribe. He is not delivering the King's message at ÿall. ÿÿMoreover, ÿhe has made himself more authoritative ÿand wiser than the King.   I ÿam ÿafraid this is precisely what the ÿtranslators ÿof ÿthe paraphrases, ÿÿas well as those who use them, ÿhave ÿdone. ÿÿThey utterly ÿfail to be sensitive to the nature and character of ÿthe Word ÿthey are communicating. ÿThey have lost their awareness ÿof the holiness of God's Word. ÿThey have forgotten that the work of saving people is God's work. ÿEvangelists don't sell the ÿGospel; they don't snare people into salvation; ÿthey don't save ÿpeople. Rather, the Christian is to witness faithfully from God's Word as He has given it. ÿIt is God who applies His Word to the hearts of those who are being saved. ÿAs the witness brings the Word, there is ÿa ÿclear ÿline ÿof demarcation ÿbetween ÿthe ÿBible ÿand ÿthe preaching. ÿThe Bible is infallible; the preaching may be open to question.   The fact that someone might become convicted of sin by reading a ÿparaphrase ÿoffers no rationale for its use ÿwhatsoever. ÿÿGod spoke beautiful truth in the Bible through cursed Balaam (Numbers 23-24) ÿÿand ÿthrough wicked Caiaphas (John 11:49-52). ÿÿHe ÿeven utilized a donkey to convey His Word (Numbers 22:28-30). But this did not excuse or cover the sins of these men. So too, ÿtoday God can ÿuse ÿany statement at all that approximates His Word to ÿget His work of salvation accomplished. ÿBut this does not excuse the sins of those who, having lost their sensitivity for the holiness of ÿGod's ÿWord, ÿhave in its place substituted the work of ÿman. Moreover, ÿGod's elective decrees show that the one who was saved while ÿreading a paraphrase would equally and even more certainly have been saved while reading the Bible.   But are not paraphrases helpful in some way? For example, ÿcan they ÿnot ÿrender ÿa ÿuseful ÿservice when they ÿare ÿused ÿas ÿa commentary?   Unfortunately, ÿour minds are not dependable. ÿEven though ÿwe may ÿÿrealize ÿÿthe ÿparaphrased ÿedition ÿis ÿnot ÿÿthe ÿÿBible, subconsciously ÿwe will still accept its statements as being ÿthe Bible. But it is not the Bible. The paraphraser rewrites a phrase in ÿhis own words according to what he believes is a logical ÿand proper ÿinterpretation. ÿÿIf his understanding of the ÿphrase ÿis biblical, he will isolate one particular truth God intended to be found in the original phrase. By rewriting it, however, ÿthe full depth of meaning God had intended to make available in the phrase is set aside. In other words, ÿthe Bible has been emptied of much of its content. ÿMoreover, ÿif the paraphraser interprets wrongly as he rewrites, ÿhe has set forth as biblical truth that which is a lie. ÿAnd because it is in a format purporting to be the Bible, the ÿreader accepts a falsehood as truth. ÿHe thus ÿclutters ÿhis mind ÿwith information which at best is only a part of the ÿwhole truth and at worst is altogether false. What Christian would dare to become a part of this kind of activity? ÿThe only faithful and safe way to go is to reject paraphrases without delay.   Unfortunately, ÿÿthe ÿact of rewriting the Bible ÿinto ÿsimple English (or any other language) will be seen by few today as sin. Few read the Bible extensively or intensively. ÿFew are ready ÿto be obedient to what the Word declares. ÿWe are living in the days prophesied by our Lord in Hosea 4:6:

        My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge:         because thou hast rejected knowledge, I will also re-         ject thee, that thou shalt be no priest to me: seeing         thou ÿhast ÿforgotten the law of thy God, ÿI ÿÿalso ÿwill         forget thy children.

  God's wrath will surely be visited upon us for this sin.   

  But now we should seek other principles which must be kept ÿin mind ÿas ÿwe ÿstudy the Bible. ÿThus far in our ÿstudy ÿof ÿBible interpretation ÿwe ÿhave ÿseen that the Bible alone ÿand ÿin ÿits entirety is the Word of God. ÿSecond, ÿwe have seen that we ÿmust interpret the Scriptures by the Scriptures. ÿCareful study of the words and phrases as they are used elsewhere in the Bible must be made. ÿÿThis will include not only their usage in ÿan ÿindividual sentence ÿbut ÿalso ÿtheir ÿusage in the context ÿin ÿwhich ÿthat sentence ÿis ÿfound. ÿThe more familiar the student is ÿwith ÿthe whole Bible, the more he will be helped in his study.   The student must recognize, of course, that the Bible is God's Word. ÿIt is the Holy Spirit who leads into truth. Therefore, ÿas he diligently studies the Bible, he must be praying that God will open ÿhis ÿspiritual eyes to the truths hidden within ÿthe ÿWord. Only then will he begin to grow in grace as he studies the Bible.   We ÿshould now look at a third principle that must be kept ÿin mind ÿas ÿwe study the Bible. ÿThat principle is that ÿthe ÿBible ordinarily ÿhas ÿmore than one level of meaning. ÿLet us look ÿat this principle more closely as we continue our study.

Continued in BIBLSTD3.TXT



Doc viewed 15796 times.

Related Content


This articles keywords/phrases are:

Bible study
interpretation

The articles in the list below have 1 or more of the same keywords or phrases as the article you are viewing. If you wish to hone in on a single keyword, click on that keyword and you will see a list of articles that match just that keyword.






PERSONAL BIBLE STUDY    in Bible Studies



BIBLE STUDY SHEET    in Bible Studies

How To Understand the Bible    in Bible Studies

Hermeneutics    in Educational

The Decline of the Text    in Ministries

Site and Hosting Sponsored by:
Invite Them Home SEO Solutions


Debugging Information
ColdFusion Server Standard 2016,0,12,315717
Template /view.cfm
Time Stamp 14-Dec-19 07:44 AM
Locale English (US)
User Agent CCBot/2.0 (https://commoncrawl.org/faq/)
Remote IP 192.168.10.1
Host Name 192.168.10.1


Execution Time

Total Time Avg Time Count Template
102 ms 102 ms 1 top level C:\inetpub\wwwroot\believersweb\view.cfm
5 ms 5 ms 1 C:/inetpub/wwwroot/believersweb/header.cfm
1 ms 1 ms 1 C:/inetpub/wwwroot/believersweb/Application.cfm
0 ms 0 ms 1 CFC[ C:/inetpub/wwwroot/believersweb/Portcullis.cfc | scan([complex value], form, 192.168.10.1) ] from C:/inetpub/wwwroot/believersweb/Portcullis.cfc
1 ms  STARTUP, PARSING, COMPILING, LOADING, & SHUTDOWN
104 ms  TOTAL EXECUTION TIME
red = over 250 ms average execution time


SQL Queries

docsum (Datasource=believersweb, Time=2ms, Records=1) in C:\inetpub\wwwroot\believersweb\header.cfm @ 07:44:50.050
SELECT docName, docDescription, keywords, keyverse
FROM Documents
WHERE docID =  ? 
Query Parameter Value(s) -
Parameter #1(cf_sql_integer) = 807

visitor (Datasource=believersweb, Time=1ms, Records=1) in C:\inetpub\wwwroot\believersweb\header.cfm @ 07:44:50.050
	SELECT visnum
 	FROM  stats
 	WHERE recid = 1
	
(Datasource=believersweb_write, Time=1ms, Records=1) in C:\inetpub\wwwroot\believersweb\header.cfm @ 07:44:50.050
	UPDATE stats
	SET visnum ='39747274'
	WHERE recid = 1
	
getdoc (Datasource=believersweb, Time=5ms, Records=1) in C:\inetpub\wwwroot\believersweb\view.cfm @ 07:44:50.050
SELECT docID, docName, docDate, docAuthor, docCategory, docFileName, docDescription, docsource, viewtimes, keywords, keyverse, docbody
FROM Documents
WHERE docID = ? 
Query Parameter Value(s) -
Parameter #1(cf_sql_integer) = 807

authorQ (Datasource=believersweb, Time=0ms, Records=1) in C:\inetpub\wwwroot\believersweb\view.cfm @ 07:44:50.050
SELECT authorName FROM Authors WHERE authorID = ? 
Query Parameter Value(s) -
Parameter #1(cf_sql_integer) = 14

catQ (Datasource=believersweb, Time=1ms, Records=1) in C:\inetpub\wwwroot\believersweb\view.cfm @ 07:44:50.050
SELECT categoryName FROM Categories WHERE categoryID = ? 
Query Parameter Value(s) -
Parameter #1(cf_sql_integer) = 1

docdetails (Datasource=believersweb, Time=1ms, Records=1) in C:\inetpub\wwwroot\believersweb\view.cfm @ 07:44:50.050
SELECT	docid, 	
		docname,
		keywords,
		keyword_ids
	
FROM documents
WHERE docid = ? 
Query Parameter Value(s) -
Parameter #1(cf_sql_integer) = 807

keywords (Datasource=believersweb, Time=0ms, Records=1) in C:\inetpub\wwwroot\believersweb\view.cfm @ 07:44:50.050
SELECT	keyword
	
FROM keyword_list
WHERE word_id =  ? 
Query Parameter Value(s) -
Parameter #1(cf_sql_integer) = 62819

keywords (Datasource=believersweb, Time=0ms, Records=1) in C:\inetpub\wwwroot\believersweb\view.cfm @ 07:44:50.050
SELECT	keyword
	
FROM keyword_list
WHERE word_id =  ? 
Query Parameter Value(s) -
Parameter #1(cf_sql_integer) = 63134

doclist (Datasource=believersweb, Time=4ms, Records=9) in C:\inetpub\wwwroot\believersweb\view.cfm @ 07:44:50.050
SELECT	docid, 	
		docname,
		keywords
		

FROM documents
WHERE keyword_ids LIKE ? AND docid <>  ?
ORDER BY docid
Query Parameter Value(s) -
Parameter #1(CF_SQL_CHAR) = %:62819:%
Parameter #2(cf_sql_integer) = 807

keyword (Datasource=believersweb, Time=1ms, Records=1) in C:\inetpub\wwwroot\believersweb\view.cfm @ 07:44:50.050
SELECT	keyword, word_id 	
		
FROM keyword_list
WHERE word_id =  ? 
Query Parameter Value(s) -
Parameter #1(cf_sql_integer) = 62819

keyword (Datasource=believersweb, Time=0ms, Records=1) in C:\inetpub\wwwroot\believersweb\view.cfm @ 07:44:50.050
SELECT	keyword, word_id 	
		
FROM keyword_list
WHERE word_id =  ? 
Query Parameter Value(s) -
Parameter #1(cf_sql_integer) = 62819

keyword (Datasource=believersweb, Time=0ms, Records=1) in C:\inetpub\wwwroot\believersweb\view.cfm @ 07:44:50.050
SELECT	keyword, word_id 	
		
FROM keyword_list
WHERE word_id =  ? 
Query Parameter Value(s) -
Parameter #1(cf_sql_integer) = 62819

keyword (Datasource=believersweb, Time=0ms, Records=1) in C:\inetpub\wwwroot\believersweb\view.cfm @ 07:44:50.050
SELECT	keyword, word_id 	
		
FROM keyword_list
WHERE word_id =  ? 
Query Parameter Value(s) -
Parameter #1(cf_sql_integer) = 62819

keyword (Datasource=believersweb, Time=1ms, Records=1) in C:\inetpub\wwwroot\believersweb\view.cfm @ 07:44:50.050
SELECT	keyword, word_id 	
		
FROM keyword_list
WHERE word_id =  ? 
Query Parameter Value(s) -
Parameter #1(cf_sql_integer) = 62819

keyword (Datasource=believersweb, Time=1ms, Records=1) in C:\inetpub\wwwroot\believersweb\view.cfm @ 07:44:50.050
SELECT	keyword, word_id 	
		
FROM keyword_list
WHERE word_id =  ? 
Query Parameter Value(s) -
Parameter #1(cf_sql_integer) = 62819

keyword (Datasource=believersweb, Time=0ms, Records=1) in C:\inetpub\wwwroot\believersweb\view.cfm @ 07:44:50.050
SELECT	keyword, word_id 	
		
FROM keyword_list
WHERE word_id =  ? 
Query Parameter Value(s) -
Parameter #1(cf_sql_integer) = 62819

keyword (Datasource=believersweb, Time=0ms, Records=1) in C:\inetpub\wwwroot\believersweb\view.cfm @ 07:44:50.050
SELECT	keyword, word_id 	
		
FROM keyword_list
WHERE word_id =  ? 
Query Parameter Value(s) -
Parameter #1(cf_sql_integer) = 62819

keyword (Datasource=believersweb, Time=0ms, Records=1) in C:\inetpub\wwwroot\believersweb\view.cfm @ 07:44:50.050
SELECT	keyword, word_id 	
		
FROM keyword_list
WHERE word_id =  ? 
Query Parameter Value(s) -
Parameter #1(cf_sql_integer) = 62819

doclist (Datasource=believersweb, Time=4ms, Records=1) in C:\inetpub\wwwroot\believersweb\view.cfm @ 07:44:50.050
SELECT	docid, 	
		docname,
		keywords
		

FROM documents
WHERE keyword_ids LIKE ? AND docid <>  ?
ORDER BY docid
Query Parameter Value(s) -
Parameter #1(CF_SQL_CHAR) = %:63134:%
Parameter #2(cf_sql_integer) = 807

keyword (Datasource=believersweb, Time=0ms, Records=1) in C:\inetpub\wwwroot\believersweb\view.cfm @ 07:44:50.050
SELECT	keyword, word_id 	
		
FROM keyword_list
WHERE word_id =  ? 
Query Parameter Value(s) -
Parameter #1(cf_sql_integer) = 63134

getmatch (Datasource=believersweb, Time=1ms, Records=1) in C:\inetpub\wwwroot\believersweb\view.cfm @ 07:44:50.050
SELECT docID, docName, docCategory, docDescription
FROM Documents
WHERE docID =  ? 
Query Parameter Value(s) -
Parameter #1(cf_sql_integer) = 484

catQ (Datasource=believersweb, Time=0ms, Records=1) in C:\inetpub\wwwroot\believersweb\view.cfm @ 07:44:50.050
SELECT categoryName FROM Categories WHERE categoryID =  ? 
Query Parameter Value(s) -
Parameter #1(cf_sql_integer) = 7

getmatch (Datasource=believersweb, Time=1ms, Records=1) in C:\inetpub\wwwroot\believersweb\view.cfm @ 07:44:50.050
SELECT docID, docName, docCategory, docDescription
FROM Documents
WHERE docID =  ? 
Query Parameter Value(s) -
Parameter #1(cf_sql_integer) = 485

catQ (Datasource=believersweb, Time=1ms, Records=1) in C:\inetpub\wwwroot\believersweb\view.cfm @ 07:44:50.050
SELECT categoryName FROM Categories WHERE categoryID =  ? 
Query Parameter Value(s) -
Parameter #1(cf_sql_integer) = 7

getmatch (Datasource=believersweb, Time=1ms, Records=1) in C:\inetpub\wwwroot\believersweb\view.cfm @ 07:44:50.050
SELECT docID, docName, docCategory, docDescription
FROM Documents
WHERE docID =  ? 
Query Parameter Value(s) -
Parameter #1(cf_sql_integer) = 752

catQ (Datasource=believersweb, Time=1ms, Records=1) in C:\inetpub\wwwroot\believersweb\view.cfm @ 07:44:50.050
SELECT categoryName FROM Categories WHERE categoryID =  ? 
Query Parameter Value(s) -
Parameter #1(cf_sql_integer) = 1

getmatch (Datasource=believersweb, Time=1ms, Records=1) in C:\inetpub\wwwroot\believersweb\view.cfm @ 07:44:50.050
SELECT docID, docName, docCategory, docDescription
FROM Documents
WHERE docID =  ? 
Query Parameter Value(s) -
Parameter #1(cf_sql_integer) = 790

catQ (Datasource=believersweb, Time=0ms, Records=1) in C:\inetpub\wwwroot\believersweb\view.cfm @ 07:44:50.050
SELECT categoryName FROM Categories WHERE categoryID =  ? 
Query Parameter Value(s) -
Parameter #1(cf_sql_integer) = 1

getmatch (Datasource=believersweb, Time=2ms, Records=1) in C:\inetpub\wwwroot\believersweb\view.cfm @ 07:44:50.050
SELECT docID, docName, docCategory, docDescription
FROM Documents
WHERE docID =  ? 
Query Parameter Value(s) -
Parameter #1(cf_sql_integer) = 797

catQ (Datasource=believersweb, Time=0ms, Records=1) in C:\inetpub\wwwroot\believersweb\view.cfm @ 07:44:50.050
SELECT categoryName FROM Categories WHERE categoryID =  ? 
Query Parameter Value(s) -
Parameter #1(cf_sql_integer) = 1

getmatch (Datasource=believersweb, Time=2ms, Records=1) in C:\inetpub\wwwroot\believersweb\view.cfm @ 07:44:50.050
SELECT docID, docName, docCategory, docDescription
FROM Documents
WHERE docID =  ? 
Query Parameter Value(s) -
Parameter #1(cf_sql_integer) = 804

catQ (Datasource=believersweb, Time=0ms, Records=1) in C:\inetpub\wwwroot\believersweb\view.cfm @ 07:44:50.050
SELECT categoryName FROM Categories WHERE categoryID =  ? 
Query Parameter Value(s) -
Parameter #1(cf_sql_integer) = 1

getmatch (Datasource=believersweb, Time=1ms, Records=1) in C:\inetpub\wwwroot\believersweb\view.cfm @ 07:44:50.050
SELECT docID, docName, docCategory, docDescription
FROM Documents
WHERE docID =  ? 
Query Parameter Value(s) -
Parameter #1(cf_sql_integer) = 805

catQ (Datasource=believersweb, Time=1ms, Records=1) in C:\inetpub\wwwroot\believersweb\view.cfm @ 07:44:50.050
SELECT categoryName FROM Categories WHERE categoryID =  ? 
Query Parameter Value(s) -
Parameter #1(cf_sql_integer) = 1

getmatch (Datasource=believersweb, Time=1ms, Records=1) in C:\inetpub\wwwroot\believersweb\view.cfm @ 07:44:50.050
SELECT docID, docName, docCategory, docDescription
FROM Documents
WHERE docID =  ? 
Query Parameter Value(s) -
Parameter #1(cf_sql_integer) = 1027

catQ (Datasource=believersweb, Time=1ms, Records=1) in C:\inetpub\wwwroot\believersweb\view.cfm @ 07:44:50.050
SELECT categoryName FROM Categories WHERE categoryID =  ? 
Query Parameter Value(s) -
Parameter #1(cf_sql_integer) = 1

getmatch (Datasource=believersweb, Time=1ms, Records=1) in C:\inetpub\wwwroot\believersweb\view.cfm @ 07:44:50.050
SELECT docID, docName, docCategory, docDescription
FROM Documents
WHERE docID =  ? 
Query Parameter Value(s) -
Parameter #1(cf_sql_integer) = 1159

catQ (Datasource=believersweb, Time=0ms, Records=1) in C:\inetpub\wwwroot\believersweb\view.cfm @ 07:44:50.050
SELECT categoryName FROM Categories WHERE categoryID =  ? 
Query Parameter Value(s) -
Parameter #1(cf_sql_integer) = 12

getmatch (Datasource=believersweb, Time=1ms, Records=1) in C:\inetpub\wwwroot\believersweb\view.cfm @ 07:44:50.050
SELECT docID, docName, docCategory, docDescription
FROM Documents
WHERE docID =  ? 
Query Parameter Value(s) -
Parameter #1(cf_sql_integer) = 1187

catQ (Datasource=believersweb, Time=0ms, Records=1) in C:\inetpub\wwwroot\believersweb\view.cfm @ 07:44:50.050
SELECT categoryName FROM Categories WHERE categoryID =  ? 
Query Parameter Value(s) -
Parameter #1(cf_sql_integer) = 14

views (Datasource=believersweb, Time=0ms, Records=1) in C:\inetpub\wwwroot\believersweb\view.cfm @ 07:44:50.050
	SELECT docviews, pageviews, rc_views, visnum
 	FROM  stats
 	WHERE recid = 1


Scope Variables

Application Variables:
applicationname=Believersweb
portcullis=Struct (21)
CGI Variables:
AUTH_PASSWORD=
AUTH_TYPE=
AUTH_USER=
CERT_COOKIE=
CERT_FLAGS=
CERT_ISSUER=
CERT_KEYSIZE=256
CERT_SECRETKEYSIZE=2048
CERT_SERIALNUMBER=
CERT_SERVER_ISSUER=C=GB, S=Greater Manchester, L=Salford, O=COMODO CA Limited, CN=COMODO RSA Domain Validation Secure Server CA
CERT_SERVER_SUBJECT=OU=Domain Control Validated, OU=PositiveSSL, CN=believersweb.org
CERT_SUBJECT=
CF_TEMPLATE_PATH=C:\inetpub\wwwroot\believersweb\view.cfm
CONTENT_LENGTH=0
CONTENT_TYPE=
CONTEXT_PATH=
GATEWAY_INTERFACE=CGI/1.1
HTTPS=on
HTTPS_KEYSIZE=256
HTTPS_SECRETKEYSIZE=2048
HTTPS_SERVER_ISSUER=C=GB, S=Greater Manchester, L=Salford, O=COMODO CA Limited, CN=COMODO RSA Domain Validation Secure Server CA
HTTPS_SERVER_SUBJECT=OU=Domain Control Validated, OU=PositiveSSL, CN=believersweb.org
HTTP_ACCEPT=text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8
HTTP_ACCEPT_ENCODING=gzip
HTTP_ACCEPT_LANGUAGE=en-US,en;q=0.5
HTTP_CONNECTION=Keep-Alive
HTTP_COOKIE=
HTTP_HOST=believersweb.org
HTTP_REFERER=
HTTP_URL=/view.cfm?id=807&rc=1&list=multi
HTTP_USER_AGENT=CCBot/2.0 (https://commoncrawl.org/faq/)
LOCAL_ADDR=192.168.10.5
PATH_INFO=
PATH_TRANSLATED=C:\inetpub\wwwroot\believersweb\view.cfm
QUERY_STRING=id=807&rc=1&list=multi
REMOTE_ADDR=192.168.10.1
REMOTE_HOST=192.168.10.1
REMOTE_USER=
REQUEST_METHOD=GET
SCRIPT_NAME=/view.cfm
SERVER_NAME=believersweb.org
SERVER_PORT=443
SERVER_PORT_SECURE=1
SERVER_PROTOCOL=HTTP/1.1
SERVER_SOFTWARE=Microsoft-IIS/8.0
WEB_SERVER_API=
Cookie Variables:
CFID=2870840
CFTOKEN=d19f11441234de61-2E8EFC06-C294-74F4-3FB747E2372221E9
Server Variables:
coldfusion=Struct (10)
os=Struct (5)
Session Variables:
cfid=2870840
cftoken=d19f11441234de61-2E8EFC06-C294-74F4-3FB747E2372221E9
contentwidth=825
sessionid=BELIEVERSWEB_2870840_d19f11441234de61-2E8EFC06-C294-74F4-3FB747E2372221E9
sessiontimer={ts '2019-12-14 07:44:50'}
urltoken=CFID=2870840&CFTOKEN=d19f11441234de61-2E8EFC06-C294-74F4-3FB747E2372221E9
visitor=1
URL Parameters:
id=807
list=multi
rc=1
Debug Rendering Time: 5 ms