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Keys to Revelation- Chapter 13

Written by: Capoccia, Tony    Posted on: 05/12/2003

Category: Bible Studies

Source: CCN

                        Keys to Revelation - Chapter 13

Taken from the HOLY BIBLE: NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION (C) 1978 by the New York International Bible Society, used by permission of Zondervan Bible Publishers.

          BIBLE TEXT                                  COMMENTARY

REV 13:1  And the dragon stood on        [dragon] - REV 12:3, 9 identify the the shore of the sea. And I saw a        dragon as Satan.  In the last verse beast coming out of the sea. He had      of Chapter 12 we saw Satan enraged ten horns and seven heads, with ten      at Israel and going off to destroy crowns on his horns, and on each          the rest of God's people-- the head a blasphemous name.                  remaining Jewish Christians and all                                           the Gentile Believers.  The devil                                           now summons the rest of his "unholy                                           trinity" to help him in his efforts                                           to destroy God's people.

                                          [beast] - This is the symbol used                                           for the description of the coming                                              Antichrist and his kingdom--the                                           revived Roman Empire.

                                          [coming out of the sea] - Satan calls                                           the Antichrist from the sea which has                                           possible significance in that the sea                                           of prominence to John would have been                                           the Mediterranean, indicating that                                           the Antichrist would come from that                                           area.

                                          [ten horns, seven heads] - Beast has                                           the same number of horns and heads as                                           the Red Dragon (Satan) of REV 12:3                                           and similar to the descriptions found                                           in DAN 7:7-8, 24.  It is a another                                           clear reference to the Antichrist and                                           the revived Roman Empire.           

                                          The seven heads are a symbol of the                                           seven hills of the city of Rome (see                                           REV 17:9) from which the Antichrist                                           will most likely establish his throne                                           during this time.  The heads also are                                           used to represent the kings of past                                           and future of this world empire (REV                                           17:9)

                                          The ten horns refer to the original                                           ten kingdoms of the old Roman Empire                                           of which three were subdued by the                                           little horn of Daniel 7:8, who is to                                           be identified with the world ruler of                                           the great tribulation (Antichrist)                                           who reigns over the revived Roman                                           Empire (United Europe?), see REV                                           17:12

                                          [ten crowns on his horns] - Initially                                           the Antichrist will come to power                                           over the ten nations of the old                                           empire and this seems to be somewhat                                           of a peaceful takeover, but later he                                           overthrows three nations and becomes                                           a dictator in total control (see DAN                                           7:7-8 and REV 17:12-13).

                                          [blasphemous name] - Shows the nature                                           of the Antichrist and his kingdom as                                           being directly opposed to God by                                           assuming titles of deity much like                                           the former kings, such as, Augustus                                           who allowed his eastern subjects to                                           pay him divine honors and Nero who                                           was referred to as the Savior of the                                           World.

REV 13:2  The beast I saw resembled      [leopard, bear, lion] - Daniel 7 a leopard, but had feet like those        shows that the successive world  of a bear and a mouth like that of        empires are described as the lion, a lion. The dragon gave the beast        referring to Babylon, the bear, his power and his throne and great        referring to Medo-Persia, and the authority.                                leopard, referring to the Greek                                           Empire.  The fourth empire is a                                           combination of the previous three                                           and is the Roman Empire which we                                           see revived as the kingdom of the                                           Antichrist.

                                          [dragon gave...power] - It is clear                                           that Satan is the driving force                                           behind the Antichrist and the World                                           System.  But we must always bear in                                           mind that Satan is on a leash which                                           Jesus holds in His hand.  The devil                                           can only have as much power as the                                           Lord will allow for His purposes. 

REV 13:3  One of the heads of the        [fatal wound...healed] - In keeping beast seemed to have had a fatal          with the idea that the heads are wound, but the fatal wound had been      kings of the Roman Empire (REV 17:9) healed. The whole world was              it could be that the Antichrist is astonished and followed the beast.        killed but raised to life by Satan in                                           order to deceive the world by trying                                           to "upstage" the resurrection of the                                           Lord Jesus Christ.

                                          [world astonished] - Truly if some                                           world leader would be killed and then                                           somehow raised to life by some great                                           power, then the entire world would                                           follow after him because it would be                                           their desire to have that power to                                           help satisfy their needs.  One must                                           remember that the world does not want                                           the true power of God because of the                                           cost involved--the turning from sin                                           and the yielding of one's life to the                                           true Savior.

REV 13:4  Men worshiped the dragon        [worshiped the dragon] - This has because he had given authority to        always been the goal of Satan to take the beast, and they also worshiped        glory from God so that he may receive the beast and asked, "Who is like        worship.  Satan lost his position as the beast? Who can make war against      the greatest of all angels because of him?"                                    his desire to usurp God (see ISA                                           14:13-14).  In Matthew 4:9 we see the                                           wicked one trying to get Jesus to bow                                           down and worship him.

                                          [who is like the beast?] - The world                                           is greatly deceived at this point                                           believing that the Antichrist and the                                           revived Roman Empire are the solution                                           to all the world's problems.  They                                           think there is no other force that                                           can overthrow this great power. But                                           they do not realize that the problem                                           with the world is sin and the mighty                                           Savior Jesus Christ will come and                                           destroy the entire evil world system.

REV 13:5  The beast was given a          [beast given a mouth] - The spokesman mouth to utter proud words and            for the World Government is the blasphemies and to exercise his          Antichrist and he is given what to authority for forty-two months.          say by Satan the Father of Lies.  For                                           three and a half years (42 months) he                                           boasts of his power and glory.

REV 13:6  He opened his mouth to          [blaspheme...slander] - The words of blaspheme God, and to slander his        the Antichrist are directed towards name and his dwelling place and          God and His Kingdom.  He hates all those who live in heaven.                that is good and pure. 

REV 13:7  He was given power to          [he was given power] - Just as God make war against the saints and to        gave Satan the power to harm Job in conquer them. And he was given            order to show to all that Job's authority over every tribe, people,      love was not based on greed, so here language and nation.                      the saints will be given a chance to                                           testify by their deaths of their                                            devotion and love for Christ.

REV 13:8  All inhabitants of the          [All inhabitants...worship beast] - earth will worship the beast--all        Every unbeliever worships the beast whose names have not been written        who is the Antichrist.  But all the in the book of life belonging to          people who were elected for salvation the Lamb that was slain from the          before the earth was formed refuse creation of the world.                    to worship the beast.  No longer are                                           there the non-religious and the                                           religious in the world, for the one                                           world government demands worship as                                           a deity.

                                          [book of life] - A book that has all                                           the names of those who were elected                                            by the sovereign choice of God for                                           salvation before the earth began.

                                          [slain from the creation] - Jesus was                                           slain at the same time the Christians                                           were elected.  Before there was an                                           earth or any man created God saw that                                           all men and women He would create in                                           the future, would reject Him, so in                                            love He planned for His own death, in                                           order, that He could save a remnant                                           for His glory.  And what God plans                                           to do can be considered accomplished                                           because no power can stop Him.

REV 13:9  He who has an ear, let          God now exhorts all readers to give him hear.                                these verses their special attention.                                           They must listen to what the Spirit                                           of God is saying to them.

REV 13:10  If anyone is to go into        God is calling the Christian to captivity, into captivity he will        display faith and patience in the go. If anyone is to be killed with        face of divinely permitted pre- the sword, with the sword he will        dominance of evil.  The faithful in be killed. This calls for patient        Christ are assured that their endurance and faithfulness on the        captivity and martyrdom are in part of the saints.                      Christ's will.  Some believers will                                           be put into prison because of their                                           faith while others will be killed for                                           their allegiance to Christ. 

REV 13:11  Then I saw another            [another beast] - Just as the true beast, coming out of the earth. He        Messiah had a forerunner who pointed had two horns like a lamb, but he        others to Him, so also the Antichrist spoke like a dragon.                      will have his own prophet, but one                                           that is a deceiver.

                                          [out of the earth] - In contrast to                                           coming out of the sea, the second                                           beast's origin is not important,                                           out of the earth (mass of humanity)                                           versus the possible significance of                                           coming from a particular area (see                                           REV 13:1).

                                          [two horns like a lamb] - The beast                                           has an innocent and harmless appear-                                           ance.  It has two little horns like                                           a small pet lamb that appears very                                           harmless. 


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