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Keys to Revelation - Chapter 18

Written by: Capoccia, Tony    Posted on: 05/12/2003

Category: Bible Studies

Source: CCN

                        Keys to Revelation - Chapter 18

Taken from the HOLY BIBLE: NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION (C) 1978 by the New York International Bible Society, used by permission of Zondervan Bible Publishers.

          BIBLE TEXT                                  COMMENTARY

REV 18:1  After this I saw another        [After this] - The revelation of angel coming down from heaven. He        chapter 17. had great authority, and the earth was illuminated by his splendor.          [another angel] - Not the same angel                                           of chapter 17:1, but one that has a                                           a special purpose of announcing a                                           revelation of judgment.

                                          [great authority] - This angel has                                           the authority of the Almighty God                                           to herald the pending judgment on                                           the evil world system that has as                                           its seat, the city of Rome.

                                          [earth...illuminated] - The angel                                           came directly from the presence of                                           God and just like Moses, he too                                           reflects the Glory of God (see                                           EXO 34:29-35).  But Moses saw a                                           veiled Glory because he was human,                                           however, this angel is a spirit and                                           could experience more of God's                                           brilliant Glory.

                                          So bright was the angel's reflective                                           light that the earth was illuminated                                           by it.  It may very well be that all                                           Christians will someday, be able to                                           reflect the Glory of our Savior.  In                                           fact, Revelation 21:23 reveals that                                           in the New Jerusalem, our final                                           home, all light will come from the                                           Glory of God and the Lamb, Jesus                                           Christ.

REV 18:2  With a mighty voice he          [mighty voice] - It is not only a shouted: "Fallen! Fallen is Babylon      voice that announces, but one that the Great! She has become a home          announces God's message, and in this for demons and a haunt for every          case, it is one of judgment. evil spirit, a haunt for every unclean and detestable bird.              [Fallen! Fallen is Babylon] - The                                           evil world system is being judged                                           and the result is the collapse of                                           this antichristian world order that                                           was determined to defeat the purposes                                           of God throughout the generations of                                           mankind.     

                                          [home for demons] - The city of Rome                                           is to receive the same fate as the                                           ancient city of Babylon (ISA 13:20-                                           22).  Although the original Babylon                                           was once destroyed, the Babylonian                                           sinful and wicked lifestyle lived on                                           in societies around the globe, but                                           finds its utter demise in the final                                           and complete destruction of the city                                           of Rome and its World Empire.

                                          In the ruins of Rome, not only will                                           birds roost, but demons and evil                                           spirits will make their home. This                                           is fitting, since mankind was so                                           proud of Rome and its influence over                                           the rest of the world. Now she lies                                           utterly desolate, her beauty is                                           replaced with the horrible ugliness                                           of demonic beings.

REV 18:3  For all the nations have        see comments on REV 17:2 drunk the maddening wine of her adulteries. The kings of the earth committed adultery with her, and the merchants of the earth grew rich from her excessive luxuries." 

REV 18:4  Then I heard another            [another voice] - Most likely another voice from heaven say: "Come out of      angel that speaks on behalf of God. her, my people, so that you will not share in her sins, so that you        [Come out] - An urgent call for God's will not receive any of her              people to separate from the judgment plagues;                                  about to fall on Babylon.  One should                                           note that up until this point it has                                           been God's will to have His people in                                           the darkness of Babylon, in order to                                           be light to the those living in sin.                                           But the time of God's grace is ending                                           for the world as He begins to unfold                                           His judgments. 

                                          This calling out of God's people                                           most likely is the physical removal                                           from the city of Rome that God is                                           about to destroy.  This idea is very                                           similar to the calling out of Lot and                                           his family from the city of Sodom in                                           GEN 19:12-17.

REV 18:5  for her sins are piled up      [sins...piled up] - God does remember to heaven, and God has remembered        sin, but only the sins of the unsaved her crimes.                              person, of cities, nations, and the                                           world.  However, when a person is                                           born again, God takes all of their                                           sins and charges them to the sinless                                           one Jesus Christ.  Therefore, it is                                           impossible for God to remember the                                           sins of the redeemed since they have                                           been acquitted of every sin!

REV 18:6  Give back to her as she        [her own cup] - In REV 17:4 we see has given; pay her back double for        her cup being a "golden cup...filled what she has done. Mix her a double      with abominable things and the filth portion from her own cup.                of her adulteries."  Now this same                                           cup that she gave to the world is now                                           given to her, but now filled with a                                           double portion of judgment for her                                           crimes.

REV 18:7  Give her as much torture        [torture] - Rome has given to itself and grief as the glory and luxury        much luxury and pleasure while giving she gave herself. In her heart she        to God's people torture and grief for boasts, 'I sit as queen; I am not a      many generations.  Now the wrath of widow, and I will never mourn.'          God will give to this wicked world                                           a double portion of torment and grief                                           as a fitting judgment.

                                          [I sit as queen] - Rome and the whole                                           antichristian system believed that                                           they were apart from God and had no                                           accountability to anyone.  They had                                           not known that they were always the                                           creatures that Christ had created                                           (see COL 1:15-16) and that all of                                           their sins were being held against                                           them for a coming day of judgment.

                                          [I will never mourn] - So typical of                                           the attitude of the world today. They                                           think that they are in control of                                           their lives.  That they can avoid all                                           problems by their insurance and other                                           protection programs.  They think that                                           even death will simply bring eternal                                           sleep.  Little do they realize that                                           every breath and heartbeat is given                                           to them by the precious Lord Savior                                           Jesus Christ.  Death will bring much                                           mourning and torment, that will last                                           forever.

REV 18:8  Therefore in one day her        [in one day] - In one 24-hour period plagues will overtake her: death,        these judgments will come, much mourning and famine. She will be          like the sudden judgment that came consumed by fire, for mighty is the      upon Belshazzar the very night he Lord God who judges her.                  saw the "finger of God" on the wall                                           (DAN 5:30).  It could be an attack                                           by a nuclear missile or simply fire                                           from heaven, either way, it will have                                           come by the will of God.

REV 18:9  "When the kings of the          [weep and mourn] - The nations of the earth who committed adultery with        earth mourn the passing of the great her and shared her luxury see the        world system of Babylon, symbolized smoke of her burning, they will          by the burning of the capital city of weep and mourn over her.                  Rome.  Note they are not weeping over                                           their sins, but rather over the loss                                           of the capitol city of sin.

REV 18:10  Terrified at her              [terrified at her torment] - They see torment, they will stand far off          the devastation and realize that this and cry: "'Woe! Woe, O great city,        "city of power" was wiped out so O Babylon, city of power! In one          quickly, giving evidence of a much hour your doom has come!'                greater power.

REV 18:11  "The merchants of the          [no one buys] - These are merchants earth will weep and mourn over her        who really mourn over the lost trade because no one buys their cargoes        rather than the millions killed in any more--                                the devastation.

REV 18:12  cargoes of gold, silver, precious stones and pearls; fine linen, purple, silk and scarlet cloth; every sort of citron wood, and articles of every kind made of ivory, costly wood, bronze, iron and marble; 

REV 18:13  cargoes of cinnamon and        [bodies and souls of men] - Could be spice, of incense, myrrh and              the prostitution of men and women in frankincense, of wine and olive          the last days, for surely this is the oil, of fine flour and wheat;            direction of this present world. It cattle and sheep; horses and              is also possible that in addition to carriages; and bodies and souls of        prostitution, that there is a return men.                                      of the slave markets.

REV 18:14  "They will say, 'The fruit you longed for is gone from you. All your riches and splendor have vanished, never to be recovered.' 

REV 18:15  The merchants who sold        [stand far off] - By satellite TV these things and gained their            they could stand "far off" and still wealth from her will stand far off,      see the destruction of Rome. terrified at her torment. They will weep and mourn 

REV 18:16  and cry out: "'Woe! Woe, O great city, dressed in fine linen, purple and scarlet, and glittering with gold, precious stones and pearls! 

REV 18:17  In one hour such great        wealth has been brought to ruin!' "Every sea captain, and all who travel by ship, the sailors, and all who earn their living from the sea, will stand far off. 

REV 18:18  When they see the smoke        [see the smoke] - So great is the of her burning, they will exclaim,        burning of this city that even from 'Was there ever a city like this          such a distance these ships could great city?'                              see the smoke and the glow of her                                           burning.

REV 18:19  They will throw dust on their heads, and with weeping and mourning cry out: "'Woe! Woe, O great city, where all who had ships on the sea became rich through her wealth! In one hour she has been brought to ruin! 

REV 18:20  Rejoice over her, O            [Rejoice over her] - While the world heaven! Rejoice, saints and              mourns over the destruction of the apostles and prophets! God has            capitol city of evil, the Christian judged her for the way she treated        is to rejoice!  Surely, we have asked you.'"                                    God to judge this wickedness in each                                           generation and now God answers our                                           prayers.  All of us agonize over the                                           abortions, adulteries, immoralities,                                           murder, thefts, and drug use of our                                           generation, however in this verse we                                           can find hope, for the day of justice                                           is coming. 

REV 18:21  Then a mighty angel            [With such violence] - Speaks again picked up a boulder the size of a        of the suddenness and completeness large millstone and threw it into        of the judgment. the sea, and said: "With such violence the great city of Babylon will be thrown down, never to be found again. 

REV 18:22  The music of harpists and musicians, flute players and trumpeters, will never be heard in you again. No workman of any trade will ever be found in you again. The sound of a millstone will never be heard in you again. 

REV 18:23  The light of a lamp will never shine in you again. The voice of bridegroom and bride will never be heard in you again. Your merchants were the world's great men. By your magic spell all the nations were led astray. 

REV 18:24  In her was found the          [found the blood] - God holds Babylon blood of prophets and of the              and this city of sin responsible for saints, and of all who have been          the deaths of all the saints and the killed on the earth."                    prophets.  Rome is also judged guilty                                           for all the murders on the earth.

                                          Truly this evil world system deserves                                           all of these judgments.  This passage   &

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