For more than a century, J. C. Ryle was the leader of the evangelical
party in the Church of England. His policy was to encourage the
conservative men to remain in the church rather than to abandon ship and
leave the liberals to pursue their program unhindered.
J. C. Ryle is best known for his plain and lively writings on practical
and spiritual themes. His great aim in all his ministry, was to
encourage strong and serious Christian living. But Ryle was not naive in
his understanding of how this should be done. He recognized that, as a
pastor of the flock of God, he had a responsibility to guard Christ’s
sheep and to warn them whenever he saw approaching dangers. His
penetrating comments are as wise and relevant today as they were when he
first wrote them. His sermons and other writings have been consistently
recognized, and their usefulness and impact have continued to the present
day, even in the outdated English of the author’s own day.
Why then should expositions already so successful and of such stature and
proven usefulness require adaptation, revision, rewrite or even editing?
The answer is obvious. To increase its usefulness to today’s reader, the
language in which it was originally written needs updating.
Though his sermons have served other generations well, just as they came
from the pen of the author in the nineteenth century, they still could be
lost to present and future generations, simply because, to them, the
language is neither readily nor fully understandable.
My goal, however, has not been to reduce the original writing to the
vernacular of our day. It is designed primarily for you who desire to
read and study comfortably and at ease in the language of our time. Only
obviously archaic terminology and passages obscured by expressions not
totally familiar in our day have been revised. However, neither Ryle’s
meaning nor intent have been tampered with.
All Scripture references are taken from the HOLY BIBLE: NEW INTERNATIONAL
VERSION (C) 1978 by the New York Bible Society, used by permission of
Zondervan Bible Publishers.
Warning #3 to the Church
Give Yourself Wholly to Them
J. C. Ryle
The following Sermon was preached in England, in August, 1859.
“Give yourself wholly to them” (1 Timothy 4:15)
I need hardly to remind you, that the Greek expression which we have
translated, “give yourself wholly to them,” is somewhat remarkable. It
would be more literally rendered, “Be in these things.” We have nothing
exactly corresponding to the expression in our language, and the words
which our translators have chosen are perhaps as well calculated as any
to convey the idea which was put by the Holy Spirit in Paul’s mind.
When the Apostle says, “give yourself wholly to these things,” he seems
to look at the “things” of which he had been speaking in the preceding
verses, beginning with the words “Set an example for the believers in
speech, in life, in love, in faith and in purity.”
We have here a target set before the ministers of the New Testament, at
which we are all to aim, and of which we must all feel we fall short.
Yet it is an old saying, “He that aims high is the most likely to strike
high; and he that shoots at the moon will shoot further than the man who
shoots at the bush.”
The Apostle appears to me to suggest that the minister must be a man of
one thing: to use his own words, a “man of God.” We hear of men of
business, and men of pleasure, and men of science. The aim of the
minister should be, to be “a man of God;” or to employ a phrase used in
some heathen countries, to be “Jesus Christ’s man.” An expression is
sometimes used with reference to the army, which we may apply to the
soldiers of the Great Captain of our salvation. Some men are said to be
“carpet knights.” They are said to have entered the army for the sake of
the uniform, and for no other cause. But there are many of whom public
opinion says, such a man is “every inch a soldier.” This should be the
aim which we should place before us; we should seek to be “every inch the
minister of Jesus Christ.”
We should aim to be the same men at all times, in all positions, and
places; not on Sunday only, but on week days also; not merely in the
pulpit, but everywhere–in the living room of the rich, by our own
fireside, and in the house of the poor man. There are those, of whom
their congregations have said, that when they were in the pulpit they
never wished them to come out, and when they went out they never wished
them to go in. May God give us all grace to take that to heart! May we
seek so to live, so to preach, so to work, so to give ourselves wholly to
the business of our calling, that this bitter remark may never be made
upon us. Our profession is a very peculiar one. Others have their
seasons of relaxation, when they can altogether lay aside their work.
This can never be done by the faithful minister of Jesus Christ. Once
put on, his office must never be put off. At home, abroad, taking
relaxation, going to the sea side, he must ever carry his business with
him. A great lawyer could say of his official robes, “Lie there, Lord
Chancellor.” Such ought never to be the mind of the minister of Christ.
There are some things which the high demand of this text suggests, as
needful to be followed after and practiced.
It demands, firstly, entire devotion to the great work to which we are
ordained. When one was commanded by the Savior to follow Him, he
replied, “Lord, first let me go and bury my father;” but then there came
that solemn saying, “Let the dead bury their own dead, but you go and
proclaim the kingdom of God.” Still another said, “I will follow you,
Lord; but first let me go back and say good-by to my family;” and to him
there came the remarkable sentence, “No one who puts his hand to the plow
and looks back is fit for service in the kingdom of God.” “Do not greet
anyone on the road,” was Christ’s charge to the seventy disciples.
Surely these Scriptural expressions teach us, that in all our dealings in
our office, we must have a high standard. We must strive to be men of
one thing–that thing being the work of Jesus Christ.
It demands, secondly, a thorough separation from the things of the world.
I hold it to be of the greatest importance to keep the ministerial
office, so far as we can, distinct and separate from everything that is
secular. I trust we shall hear every year of fewer and fewer ministers
of the Gospel who are magistrates, and fewer and fewer ministers who take
part in agricultural meetings, and win prizes for fat pigs, enormous
bulls, and large crops of turnips. There is no apostolical succession in
such occupations. Nor yet is this all. We should be separated from the
pleasures of the world, as well as from its business. There are many
innocent and indifferent amusements, for which the minister of Christ
ought to have no time. He ought to say, “I have no time for these
things. I am doing a great work, and I cannot come down.”
It demands, thirdly, a jealous watchfulness over our own social conduct.
We ought not to be always paying morning calls of courtesy and dining
out, as others do. It will not do to say, that our Lord went to a
marriage feast, and sat at supper in the pharisee’s house, and therefore
we may do the same. I only reply, Let us go in His spirit, with His
faithfulness and boldness, to say a word in season, and to give the
conversation a profitable turn, and then we may go with safety. Unless
we do this, we should be careful where we go, with whom we sit down, and
where we spend our evenings. There was a quaint saying of John Wesley to
his ministers, which Cecil quotes, as containing the germ of much truth.
“Don’t aim at being thought gentlemen; you have no more to do with being
gentlemen than with being masters at dancing.” Our aim should be not to
be regarded as agreeable persons at the dinner table, but to be known
everywhere as faithful, consistent ministers of Jesus Christ.
It demands, fourthly, a diligent redemption of time. We should give
attention to reading, every day that we live. We should strive to bring
all our reading to bear on our work. We ought to keep our eyes open
continually, and be ever picking up ideas for our sermons–as we travel
by the way, as we sit by the fireside, as we are standing on the platform
at the railway station. We should be keeping in our mind’s eye our
Master’s business–observing, noting, looking out, gathering up something
that will throw fresh light on our work, and enable us to put the truth
in a more striking way. He that looks out for something to learn will
always be able to learn something.
Having suggested these things, I will next proceed to ask, What will be
the consequence of our giving ourselves wholly to these things?
Remember, we shall not receive the praise of men. We shall be thought
extreme, and ascetic, and righteous. Those who want to serve God and
serve money at the same time, will think our standard too high, our
practice too stringent. They will say, that we are going too far and too
fast for a world such as that in which we live. May we never care what
men say of us, so long as we walk in the light of God’s Word! May we
strive and pray to be wholly independent of, and indifferent to man’s
opinion, so long as we please God! May we remember the woe pronounced by
our Master, when He said, “Woe to you when all men speak well of you,”
and the words of Paul, “If I were still trying to please men, I would not
be a servant of Christ.”
But though “giving ourselves wholly to these things” we shall not win the
praise of men, we shall attain the far more important end of usefulness
to souls. I acknowledge to the full, the doctrine of the sovereignty of
God in the salvation of sinners. I acknowledge that those who preach
best, and live nearest to God, have not always been honored in their
lives to the saving of many souls. But still, the man who is most
entirely and wholly Jesus Christ’s man–a man of one thing, who lives
Sunday and weekday, everywhere, at home and abroad, as a man whose single
endeavor is to give himself to the work of Jesus Christ–this is the man,
this is the minister, who will generally, in the long run, do most good.
The case of Mr. Simeon will apply here. You all know how he was
persecuted when he began to testify for Christ, in Cambridge. You know
how many there were who would not speak to him, how the finger of scorn
was pointed at him continually. But we know how he went on persevering
in the work, and how, when he died, all Cambridge came forth to give him
honor, and how heads of houses, and fellows of colleges, and men who had
scoffed at him while he lived, honored him at his death. They testified,
that the life he had lived had had its effect, and that they had seen and
known that God was with him.
I once saw in Dundee one who had known much of that godly man, Robert
Murray McCheyne. She told me that those who read his letters and sermons
had a very faint idea of what he was. She said to me, “If you have read
all his works, you just know nothing at all about him. You must have
seen the man, and heard him, and known him, and have been in company with
him, to know what a man of God he was.”
Furthermore, giving ourselves wholly to these things will bring happiness
and peace to our consciences. I speak now among friends, and not among
worldly people, where I should need to fence and guard and explain what I
mean. I shall not be suspected of holding justification by works by
those I see before me. I speak of such a clear conscience as the Apostle
refers to: We trust we have a “clear conscience” (Hebrews 13:18). To
have this clear conscience is clearly bound up with high aims, high
motives, a high standard of ministerial life, and practice. I am quite
sure, that the more we give ourselves wholly to the work of the ministry,
the more inward happiness, the greater sense of the light of God’s
countenance, are we likely to enjoy.
The subject is a deeply humbling one. Who does not feel, “My leanness, my
leanness! my unprofitableness! How far short I come of this high
standard?” What reason have we, having received mercy, not to faint!
What reason have we, having been spared by God’s long suffering, to
abound in the work of the Lord, and to give ourselves wholly to our
business! The grand secret is, to be ever looking to Jesus, and living a
life of close communion with Him.
At Cambridge, the other day, I saw a picture of Henry Martyn, bequeathed
by Mr. Simeon to the public library. A friend informed me that that
picture used to hang in Mr. Simeon’s room, and that when he was disposed
to trifle in the work of the ministry, he used to stand before it and
say, “It seems to say to me, Charles Simeon, don’t trifle, don’t trifle;
Charles Simeon, remember whose you are, and whom you serve.” And then
the worthy man, in his own peculiar way, would bow respectfully, and say,
“I will not trifle, I will not trifle; I will not forget.”
May we, in conclusion, look to a far higher pattern than any man–Martyn,
McCheyne, or any other. May we look to the Great Chief Shepherd, the
great pattern, in whose steps we are to walk! May we abide in Him, and
never trifle! May we hold on our way, looking to Jesus, keeping clear of
the world, its pleasures, and its follies–caring nothing for the world’s
frowns, and not much moved by the world’s smiles–looking forward to that
day when the Great Shepherd shall give to all who have done His work, and
preached His Gospel, a crown of glory that does not fade away! The more
we have the mind of Christ, the more we shall understand what it is to
“give ourselves wholly to these things.”
Transcribed by Tony Capoccia of
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