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Written by: Unknown    Posted on: 05/07/2003

Category: Bible Studies

Source: CCN

        ÕÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍ͸         ³ESTHER MAKIING THE BEST OF A NO WIN SITUATION IF I PERISH I³         ³PERISH Esther 4:6                                          ³         ³                                                          ³         ³                                                          ³         ³                                                          ³         ³                                                          ³         ÔÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍÍ;

        Date: 483-473 B.C.

              Xerxes I reign (Ahesuerus  Khshayarsh)

              The "Silver Kingdom " spoken of by Daniel (ch 7) in                   Nebuchadnezzar's dream.              Rev 13, 17

        Place: Not in Israel, or Judah, or Caanan, but in Persia               (Iran) the palace Shushan (Susa).

        People: The Jews were not the zealots who returned with               Nehamiah to rebuild the city and the temple.  These               people were content in their present position.

        OUTLINE             1 DANGER TO GOD'S PEOPLE          1:1 -- 3:15               divorce of Vashti      1:               discovery of Esther    2: 1-20               devotion of Mordecai  2:20-23               decree of Haman        3: 1-15

            2 DECISION  OF GOD"S SERVANT      4:1- 5:14               Mordecai's appeal               Esther's response               Esther's audience               Haman's arrogance

            3 DELIVERANCE OF  GOD'S PEOPLE    6:1 - 10:3               Defeat of Haman               Decree of Ahuerus & Mordecai               Defeat of Israel's enemies               Days of Purim               Description of Mordecai's fame

        A UNIQUE FEATURE OF THIS BOOK             - It does not once use the name of God -- although               His providence and care is clearly shown.             - It does not once directly mention prayer , which               involves the LORD's hearing and answering.

        Xerxes I was the great king referred to . The name Ahasuerus             is an imperial title like "His majesty" Pharoah, Agag             and means "Venerable King".         *    Heroditus  mentions that he sought consolation in his             harem after his defeat at Salamis, which was in the year             that esther was made Queen.         *    Let us allow him to represent in this story the soul of             man, misguided in sin, who later is redeemed.

        * note Historical (Me-am loed page 6,7)             There was a Persian king by the name of Astyages whose         daughter had an iligitimate son cast out as a dog .  The         child grew up in the mountains and became a powerful warrior,         and leader of a large band of men.  He was given the name         'Dog' , or (Kurush in ancient Persian).             His grandfather discovering that his grandson was alive         and leading a band of robbers sent men to kill him.  (Kurush)         Cyrus easily defeated them and proceeded to the capital where         he overthrew the king, his grandfather, and assumed the         throne of Persia.  At the time , Darius (Dariavesh) was the         King of the Medes.  when he heard of the feat of Cyrus he         desired an alliance, which was sealed with the marriage of         his daughter to Cyrus.  From this union was born Ahsauerus,         the son of Cyrus and grandson of Darius.             When Belshazzar was overthrown his daughter Vashti was         spared by Darius, brought back to Persia where she was given         as wife to his grandson Achashverosh.             He inherited the thrones of both Media and Persia.  His         true name was Artaxerxes (Artakhshacha in Persian;         Artaachshast in Hebrew) The Jews however referred to him as         Achashverosh, which was a pun on "chash -rosh" a headache.         When Achashverosh found out about his nickname , the Jews         were ready with a more acceptable explanation .  They told         him that in Aramaic "achash" meant leader and that in Hebrew         "rosh" meant head ,or leader thus they called him achash -         verosh.             At one time He had ruled 252 nations, and had pushed all         the way to Athens ,but after the battle of Salamis many of         the nations rebelled ,so that at the time of our story his         kingdom extended to only 127 nations.             It was Achashverosh that halted the building of the temple         due to the false accusation described in the Book of Ezra         (4:7 f ) , where Sanballat, Tobiah, and Shimshai (one of         Haman's sons) wrote the letter recorded in EZRA 4:11-16.

        THE KING'S ADVISERS             Carshena    Meres    Admatha  Tarshish             Shethar    Marsena  Memucan             Who get drunk and allow their intoxicated influence to         bear on the king toward the lust of the flesh, the lust of         the eyes, and the pride of life (Queen vashti's sensuousness)         may well be represented by the hordes of slewfoot.

        MORDECAI:             His name means little man. The grandson of Shimei of the         family of Kish of Benjamin. Saul (I Sam 9:1,2) was from such         lineage, also Paul the apostle(Philipians 3:5).             He seems to be your wise, mild mannered person who doesn't         get slapped around. He is a very kind hearted person who         brought up his cousin, his uncle's daughter, as if she was         his own, and checked on her welfare daily, while in the         king's house.             He held a high position. He sat as a magistrate at the         city gate. He has the king's best intrest at heart.             Let him represent the office of the HOLY SPIRIT.

        ESTHER             "A STAR" (Amestris) Hadassah (heb. Myrtle- the tree from         which myrrh is derived)             A Jewess who marries a gentile king . She is related to         Mordecai. Hence she is of the same royal seed as Mordecai ,         a descendant of Saul Israel's first king. (Josephus Ant vi.1)         The King loved her above all women (2:17). He would give her         half of his kingdom(5:3)  We shall see how she presents         herself as a sacrifice to undo the evil resulting from her         ancestor Saul's disobedience to God's commandment regarding         the destruction of Amalek (an evil Caananite nation).             This redeemer of the nation and saving the King from a         horrible crime suggests that she is a picture of Christ in         our story.

        HAMAN             He was the son of Hamadatha the Agagite, the Jew's enemy             Agag was the name given to the Kings of Amalek, "the         people against whom God hath indignation forever". Haman         is therefore a Royal Amalekite. Although the Lord has sworn         to blot out his name forever, (and he and his ten sons         perished here).             We see the same spirit in the world today that would         destroy God's people everywhere, so we shall let him         represent Satan.

        CHAPTER 1         1,2  Ahasuerus and his Empire             The Persian King Xerxes I  484-464 B.C.             Fickle, capricious extravegant.             His empire extended From Egypt to Ethiopia         3-9  His great feast             * nobles and princes  180 days             * the people of Susa    7 days         10-22 The intoxicated King's demands on Vashti               Romans 1;22-32               the counsel of the "wise men"

        CHAPTER 2         1-20 the discovery of Esther               Rom 2;28,29         21-23the devotion of mordecai             21,22 the plot against achashverosh's life             Bigthan and Teresh             Mordecai overhears ,,called the "linguist" "Balshan Ezra         2:2 ,Nehemiah 7:7             The bible commands  us to be patriotic and to pray for the         government ,as they have been placed there by God to govern         us.             Esther had the record inscribed in the presence of the         king into the Chronicles (minutes- records) of the king.

        CHAPTER 3         1-15  the  decree of death               (Saul & David , Atheliah, Herod             v1.Haman the Agagite -ie.  a direct descendant of Agag,         King of Amalek (I Sam 15:8)who ,in turn was a son of Esau,         tried to prevent Israel from going back to Caananthus God had         promised "i will obliterate the memory of Amalek from under         the heavens"(Ex 17:14 ; Deut 25:19)             God raised him up in order that his fall would be all the         worse .             Haman is thought (according to Jewish oral tradition) to         have travelled to Jerusalem to stop the building of the         temple (Rashi notes on Ezra 4:17). Shimshai the scribe in         Ezra 4 was one of the petitioners to Artaxerxes to stop         building the temple that Cyrus, Queen Vashti's Father, had         allowed Ezra and Nehemiah to rebuild. Again Darius II , son         of Esther was again to cause it to be completed . According         to jewish law Esther  was a Jewwss , he was also a Jew.

            v6 At first he began to plot against Mordecai alone, but         as his anger mounted, it extended to all his people the Jews.         He must have known that Mordecai was from the tribe of         benjamin, and a descendant of King Saul, who had killed         Haman's ancestor Agag along with all the other Amalek males         (I Sam 15:9)

            v7 In the first month Abib (Nissan, the same month as         passover,and the Exodus), in the 12th year of the king's         reign, Haman began his wicked plot.             The lottery fell on the 12th month (Adar) and the 13th         day, --- anniversary of the day God had broiught the plague         of darkness upon Egypt.

            v8 Notice how Haman carefully does not name the "group         spread and scattered" ."they even have a commandment not to         folow our decrees (lev18:3) their religion teaches them to be         unpatriotic!" In saying this ,of course, he spoke against the         law of the King of all Kings - God and His law.

            v9 He had promised to give about 750 tons of silver into         the king's treasury --- Or 100 x as much as the amount to         build the Tabernacle in the wilderness.  ie.                   600,000 males x 1/2 shekel = 300,000 shekels                         or 100 talents vs. 10,000 talents.

            v10 The King had given all his own authority to Haman ,         just as the human soul does to the evil one when he conspires         to sin.

        ROM 3:9-20               What then, are we better than they? No, in no wise; for         we have before proved both Jew and Gentiles that they are all         under sin . As it is written, There is none righteous ,no not         one. There is none that understandeth, there is none that         seek after God, they are all gone out of the way. They are         together become unprofitable. There is none that doeth good         ,no not one. Their throat is an open sepulchure, and with         their tongues they have used deceit. The poison of asps is in         their lips , whose mouth is full of cursing and bitterness.         their feet are swift to shed blood.

            V11 The king did not require a bribe to sin.

            v12 The decree was written the day before passover (13         Nissan)

        CHAPTER 4

            v1 The loud and bitter cry of of a condemned man--                         'WOE IS ME'

            Be not afraid of sudden terror             The destruction of the wicked will come.  Prov 3:25

            Make your plans, they will noot succeed             Speak all you want, nothing will come of it,             For GOD is with us.                    Isa 8:10                                                     Isa 46:4

            v3 Jews every where fasting and weeping

            v 15-17  Fast for me                       neither eat or drink for three days                       Then I will go into the King,                       And if I perish - I perish  !!

              Mordecai left  and did all thet was instructed

              During the Joyful season of Pesah, the Jews were         instructed to fast

        CHAPTER 5

        At the end of the fast, Esther prepared herself to present to         the King

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